Mutual Funds in India

A Mutual Fund (MF) is a professionally managed investment option where many investors combine their money to invest in a variety of assets, such as stocks, bonds, or other securities. By investing in mutual funds in the UAE, an NRI/ OCI/ PIO buys shares of the fund. Skilled fund managers handle these investments and then invest your money in different assets. This helps in spreading the risk and potentially offering profits.

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Let us learn about a mutual fund in detail in this article.

About Mutual Funds

A MF means Mutual Fund, in simple terms, is a smart way for a bunch of people to put their money into a pot and invest it in different investment options, like:

  • Stocks (like owning a piece of a company)

  • Bonds (like lending money to companies or governments)

  • Money Market Instruments (like super safe, short-term loans)

  • Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) (which are like mini mutual funds)

The companies that run these funds are called Asset Management Companies (AMCs) or Fund Houses. They gather money from people like you, promote different kinds of mutual funds, invest that money, and handle all the investments for you. Skilled fund managers from these AMCs take care of your funds and assets.

When you put your money into a mutual fund, you are actually buying shares of that fund. The fund then uses your money to purchase different assets and securities, which helps lower the risk of losing money in one bad investment. Plus, if those investments make money, you get a piece of the pie!

Types of Mutual Funds in 2023:

Mutual Fund Type Details
Equity Funds Invests in stocks
Fixed-Income Funds Invests in bonds and are less risky
Money Market Funds Focuses on short-term, low-risk securities
Balanced or Hybrid Funds Combines stocks and bonds
Index Funds Mimics a specific market index
Sector Funds Concentrates on specific industries
International or Global Funds Invests globally
Speciality or Thematic Funds Focuses on specific themes
Target-Date Funds Focuses on retirement planning
Alternative Funds Invests in unique strategies
Tax-Efficient Funds Saves taxes
Socially Responsible or ESG Funds Invests ethically

How Can an NRI/ OCI/ PIO Invest in Mutual Funds in UAE?

An NRI/ OCI/ PIO can invest in mutual funds in UAE through the following ways:

  1. SIP (Systematic Investment Plan)

    SIP is a disciplined way of investing in mutual funds. It allows an NRI/ OCI/ PIO to invest a fixed amount of money at regular intervals, such as monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, or annually. This way, you can invest in market-linked assets even if you do not have a large sum of money to invest upfront.

  2. Lump sum investment

    A lump sum investment is a one-time investment in a mutual fund scheme. This is a good option if you have a large sum of money to invest at a time.

How Do Mutual Funds Work?

You can understand the working of mutual funds in UAE from the steps mentioned below:

Step 1: Choose the right mutual fund based on your goals, risk tolerance, and the fund's performance.

Step 2: Put your money into the fund by buying shares or units. Each share is like a piece of the investment instrument. 

Step 3: Skilled fund managers manage your investments by diversifying them across various assets. They ensure the investments are safe and have a good chance to grow.

Step 4: At the end of each day, the Net Asset Value (NAV) is calculated, which determines the share price for buying or selling the units of your fund.

Step 5: The AMCs charge fees to cover expenses like fund management.

Step 6: Earnings from the fund are distributed to investors as dividends or reinvested to make your investments grow more.

How to Calculate Returns from Mutual Funds?

NRI/ OCI/ PIOs can calculate the returns from mutual funds using the following financial tools:

  1. SIP Calculator

    A SIP calculator is a tool that helps you estimate the future value of your SIP investments. It takes into account the following factors:

    • Monthly SIP amount

    • Investment horizon

    • Expected rate of return

  2. Mutual Fund Calculator

    A mutual fund calculator is a more comprehensive tool that can help you estimate the returns from your mutual fund investments, taking into account a variety of factors, including:

    • Investment amount

    • Investment horizon

    • Expected rate of return

    • Entry load

    • Exit load

    • Expense ratio

Charges Involved in Mutual Fund Investments

Mutual fund charges come in three main forms:

  • Transaction Charges: These are fees for buying, selling, or switching mutual fund units.

  • Expense Ratio: This is an annual fee charged by the mutual fund house to cover the costs of managing the fund.

  • Exit Load: Some mutual funds charge a fee if you sell your units within a certain period.

Investment Tip: To minimize the impact of charges on your returns, choose funds with low expense ratios, invest for the long term to avoid exit loads, and consider investing directly with the mutual fund house to avoid paying distributor fees.

Benefits of Investing in Mutual Funds for NRI/ OCI/ PIOs

The major benefits for an NRI/ OCI/ PIO from investments in mutual funds are listed below:

  • Diversification: Mutual funds offer a diversified investment portfolio, which can help to reduce risk.

  • Professional Management: Mutual funds are managed by professional fund managers who have the expertise to invest in the market on your behalf.

  • Affordability: Mutual funds can be started with a small investment, making them accessible to a wide range of investors.

  • Liquidity: Mutual funds are highly liquid, meaning that you can redeem your investment at any time.

  • Tax Benefits: NRIs can avail of tax benefits on their mutual fund investments in India, depending on the type of fund and the holding period.

Choosing the Best Mutual Fund Scheme in 2023

To choose the best mutual fund scheme in 2023 for NRIs, you should consider the following factors:

  • Your Investment Goals: You should ask questions, like what is your reason for investing? Are you saving for retirement, your children's education, or a down payment on a house? Once you know your investment goals, you can choose a mutual fund scheme aligned with them.

  • Your Risk Tolerance: Mutual funds can be risky, so it is important to choose a scheme that matches your risk tolerance. If you are a new investor, you may want to start with a less risky scheme, such as a debt fund.

  • Learn Your Investment Horizon: If you are investing for the long term (more than 5 years), you can choose a more aggressive scheme, such as an equity fund. However, if you are investing for the short term (less than 5 years), you should choose a less risky scheme.

  • The Fund's Performance: You should look at the fund's past performance to get an idea of how it has performed over time. However, it is important to remember that past performance is not indicative of future results.

  • The Fees Levied by the Fund: Mutual funds charge a variety of fees, such as management fees, expense ratios, and entry and exit loads. You should choose a fund with low fees to maximize your returns.

Wrapping It Up

Mutual funds offer NRIs, OCIs, and PIOs a convenient and diversified investment option to grow their wealth while mitigating risks. These professionally managed funds provide access to various asset classes and investment strategies, making them suitable for a wide range of financial goals. With prudent investment choices, mutual funds can be a valuable tool in achieving long-term financial success for NRIs, OCIs, and PIOs.


  • What are the 4 types of mutual funds?

    The four broad types of mutual funds are:
    • Equity mutual funds: These funds invest in stocks of companies. 

    • Bond mutual funds: These funds invest in bonds, which are essentially loans that investors make to governments or corporations. 

    • Short-term debt mutual funds: These funds invest in short-term debt securities, such as money market instruments and certificates of deposit.

    • Hybrid mutual funds: These funds invest in a mix of stocks and bonds.

  • What is mutual funds with example?

    A mutual fund is a type of investment vehicle that pools money from many investors and invests it in a basket of securities, such as stocks, bonds, and money market instruments. Mutual funds are managed by professional fund managers, who make investment decisions on behalf of the fund's investors.
  • What is a mutual fund in simple terms?

    A mutual fund is a basket of investments, such as stocks, bonds, and money market instruments, that is owned by a group of investors. The fund is managed by a professional fund manager, who makes investment decisions on behalf of the fund's investors.
  • Are mutual funds a good investment?

    Yes, mutual funds can be a good investment choice for many individuals, especially those seeking diversification, professional management, and affordability. However, whether or not mutual funds are a good investment for you depends on your individual investment goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon.

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^^The information relating to mutual funds presented in this article is for educational purpose only and is not meant for sale. Investment is subject to market risks and the risk is borne by the investor. Please consult your financial advisor before planning your investments.

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