Business Insurance

Business insurance protects businesses from any financial loss or damage that occurs during the everyday operations of a company. A policyholder gets coverage for risks related to employees, damage to property as well as legal liabilities. Such incidents can cause a major setback to your business. In several cases, it leads to partial or complete closure of the business, leading to loss of income.

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What is Business Insurance?

Business insurance is a type of coverage that aids a company in safeguarding its financial resources, intellectual property, and physical premises from unexpected events that may result in significant financial losses. It protects the insured business in case of damage or loss resulting from various occurrences such as natural disasters, theft, destruction, legal claims, loss of income, and employee illness, injury, or death.

Types of Business Insurance

Here are the different types of Business insurance plans provided by insurers in the market:

Employee Benefits Policies (EB Policies)

These insurance plans are specifically designed for the benefit of employees working in an organisation:

Group Health Insurance

Group health insurance plans offer medical coverage to a set of individuals and are typically acquired by companies or organizations to provide supplementary medical benefits to their workforce as a benefit. The employer is responsible for paying the premium amount of the group medical insurance plan, making it an attractive option for employees seeking additional medical coverage.

Group Personal Accident

Group Personal Accident Insurance shields its members against accidents that may result in disability or death. This insurance product is typically available as corporate group insurance for employees, owners, or board members of a company. Regardless of the size of your group, you have the option to acquire a customizable group personal accident coverage that meets the specific needs of your members. Additionally, the group personal accident coverage also provides discounts based on the number of members covered.

Group Term Life Insurance

Group term life insurance is a life insurance product that offers coverage to a group of individuals for a designated term or period, in return for a predetermined premium payment. This plan provides life insurance coverage to the group and pays out compensation to the family of the insured individual in the event of their death during the policy term. The payout amount can either be made as a lump sum death payout or as a monthly payout, depending on the terms of the policy.

Group Travel Insurance

Group travel insurance provides coverage for a group of individuals traveling together, protecting them against medical emergencies and other travel-related issues. This insurance policy offers comprehensive coverage, including medical and financial emergencies that may arise during travel. Group travel insurance policies are typically classified into two categories: international group travel insurance plans and domestic group travel insurance policies. Organizations or groups of five or more individuals traveling together, who may or may not be related, commonly purchase group travel insurance policies.

Property Insurance Policies

These insurance plans provide coverage for the property of the insured:

Fire Insurance

Fire insurance is a form of property insurance that protects against losses or damages incurred to your office buildings, homes, or other premises where you conduct your business. By investing in this insurance policy, repair costs, replacement costs, or property reconstruction expenses can be covered in accordance with the sum insured amount specified in the policy.

Shop Insurance

Shop insurance is a specialized insurance policy that provides coverage for both the contents and property of a shop. This type of insurance is designed to protect small to medium-sized shops against burglary, natural disasters, accidental fires, and other potential risks. Similar to fire insurance, shop insurance policies provide comprehensive coverage to safeguard the policyholder's business interests and property.

Office Package Policy

An office package policy is an insurance policy designed to cover any potential mishaps that may occur within an office setting. This policy offers financial aid to policyholders in the event of fires, earthquakes, break-ins, burglary, and other unforeseen incidents that may arise in an office.

Liability Insurance

Liability insurance is designed to protect policyholders from financial losses resulting from injuries to individuals or damage to property. In addition to covering legal costs and debts, this type of insurance provides compensation if the responsible party is deemed liable for such damages. However, it is important to note that claims related to intentional damages, criminal prosecution, and contractual liabilities are usually excluded from coverage.

Here are the liability insurance plans provided by the insurers:

Directors & Officers Liability Insurance

Directors and Officers (D&O) insurance provides coverage to directors and officers against personal losses that may arise from legal actions taken against them for alleged wrongful acts in their managerial capacity. This type of insurance also covers legal expenses and other costs, including defense expenses arising from criminal and regulatory investigations or trials. However, intentional illegal acts are typically not covered. In summary, D&O insurance is a crucial safeguard for individuals serving as directors or officers of businesses or organizations.

Errors & Omissions Insurance

E&O insurance (Errors and Omissions Insurance) offers coverage to companies, employees, and other professionals against claims resulting from negligent actions or inadequate work. Therefore, any company that provides services of any kind should have E&O insurance.

Commercial General Liability Insurance

Commercial General Liability (CGL) insurance policy provides protection to businesses from legal liabilities arising from injuries or damages caused to a third party during their routine business operations. This policy offers financial assistance to companies against claims of Public Liability and Product Liability. It is a mandatory requirement for companies involved in the manufacturing and development of software and physical products for their clients and customers.

Professional Indemnity Insurance

Professional Indemnity Insurance is a type of policy that protects professionals, such as doctors, chartered accountants, architects, etc., against legal liabilities arising from any inadequate advice, services, or designs offered to their clients. In case of any allegation made against the professional for providing insufficient advice, services or designs, this insurance policy covers the legal expenses incurred in defending the claim and paying compensation to the client for rectifying any mistakes.

Cyber Insurance

Cyber insurance is a type of insurance policy that provides protection to businesses, including startups and established organizations, against cyberattacks and ransomware breaches that occur during the policy period. With cyber insurance, companies can be compensated for the financial losses incurred due to online fraudulent activities that target their information technology infrastructure, including sensitive customer data such as credit/debit card details, account numbers, and health records.

Workmen Compensation Insurance

Workmen compensation insurance, commonly referred to as workers' comp, is an insurance policy that offers financial assistance to employees who sustain injuries while on the job. In India, all companies must have this insurance. The policy helps the employer to financially compensate the workers who have been injured or died due to an accident that occurred during their job. Workmen compensation insurance covers the injuries, disabilities, and deaths of employees resulting from accidents that occur while they are working.

Erection All Risk Insurance

The Erection All Risk Insurance is a policy that covers any damage or loss incurred during any project that involves the installation of plant, machinery, and equipment whether it is a single machine or a large power plant. The EAR insurance provides protection to a contractor or employer against any physical loss or damage to the contract works, construction plant, equipment, or machinery. The policy also covers damage to the property of third parties and bodily injury to third parties.

Contractors All Risk Insurance

A Contractors All Risk insurance policy is a comprehensive coverage that protects against any loss or damage caused to construction plant and equipment, machinery, and third-party claims due to bodily injury or property damage that may occur during the execution of civil engineering projects. It is a beneficial insurance option for architects, engineers, and financiers involved in construction projects. This policy can help to reduce the overall expenses of construction, ensuring that projects are completed within budget and on time.

Contractors Plant & Machinery Insurance

Contractors plant and machinery insurance is designed to provide coverage for the loss or damage caused to machines used in construction sites or manufacturing plants. In addition, this insurance policy also covers third-party claims against bodily injury and property damage caused at the insured construction site during the policy tenure. This makes it an essential insurance option for businesses involved in construction projects and ensures that any losses or damages to machinery and equipment are adequately covered.

Marine Insurance

Marine insurance is a type of policy that covers the damage or loss of ships, cargo, terminals, and any other transportation means used to move goods between their point of origin and destination. It involves an indemnity contract between the insurer and the insured and includes coverage for goods stored onshore or offshore, marine liability, hull, and casualty.

Cargo Insurance

Cargo insurance is a contractual agreement between an insurer and a policyholder. The policy covers individuals who use cargo ships, trains, airplanes or other means of transportation to move their goods between different locations. Cargo insurance is a reliable option for safeguarding valuable cargo, no matter where it is transported in the world. The policy can protect against any loss or damage to cargo that occurs during transit via sea, road, air, rail, etc.

Transit Insurance

Transit insurance policy is a reliable way of securing goods or personal belongings against the risk of loss or damage during transit. The premium cost is determined based on the level of risk associated with the goods being transported and borne by the policyholder during the policy term.

Features and Benefits of Business Insurance

Here are some of the features and benefits of a business insurance policy:

  • Property damage caused by fire, flood, earthquake, storm, and other natural disasters is covered by insurance.
  • Insurance provides coverage for losses resulting from theft.
  • Business insurance also covers third-party liability related to the business.
  • Injury or death of an employee during work hours is included in the policy.
  • Loss of profits caused by a disaster is covered.
  • Negligence and errors resulting in liability are also covered by insurance.
  • The plan provides coverage for business losses caused by interruptions due to disasters like fire or natural calamities.
  • It enhances the company's reputation and credibility by having business insurance.
  • Group policies ensure the safety of employees, which helps in retaining talent and promotes business growth.
  • Clients prefer companies that are well-insured with business insurance.
  • Business insurance policies protect the physical assets of a company such as computers and furniture from theft.

Things to Consider Before Buying a Business Insurance Policy

Here are the following things that you should consider before buying a business insurance policy:

Risk Assessment for Your Business

To determine whether or not to offer insurance coverage to a business, an insurer first assesses the level of risk to which the applicant is exposed. This process is known as underwriting, during which an underwriter reviews the coverage applied for and decides whether to offer all or part of it. Every policy comes with a premium and deductible.

The premium is the amount you pay to avail of the policy benefits, while the deductible is the pre-agreed amount that you agree to pay at the time of claim.

The deductible you pay can impact your insurance premium, if you choose a lower deductible, your insurance premium will be higher and vice versa. By assessing your risk and determining the deductible you can afford, you can decide on a policy that offers you adequate protection at an affordable cost.

Research Online

Do your research and compare plans before buying business insurance. You can use online insurance aggregators for help.

Seek Insurance Expert Advice

Seek advice from experts or insurance brokers who understand your business's needs and suggest appropriate coverage.

Keep On Checking

Regularly review your insurance needs to ensure that you have adequate coverage that meets your business's changing needs and liabilities.

Occupencies Covered under Marine Insurance

Here are some of the occupencies that can be covered under Marine Insurance:

  1. New Machinery Machine Tools and Spares in closed ISO containers

    If you're transporting new machinery, machine tools, or spare parts in closed ISO containers, marine insurance ensures that you are financially protected in case of any damage or loss during transit. It safeguards against risks such as theft, accidents, or natural disasters, giving you peace of mind.

  2. Electronic and White Goods

    Marine insurance covers the transportation of electronic and white goods. It provides compensation in the event of accidental damage, theft, or other risks that may occur during shipping. This coverage ensures that your valuable items are protected throughout the journey.

  3. House hold item - New and old

    Moving your household items, whether they are new or old, can be a stressful experience. However, with marine insurance, you can have confidence in the safety of your belongings. It offers coverage for furniture, personal belongings, and other household goods during transit, protecting against risks such as theft, breakage, or damage caused by accidents or specified natural disasters.

  4. Iron & Steel Rods, Metal Pipes,Tubes

    For businesses involved in the transportation of iron and steel rods, metal pipes, and tubes, marine insurance provides essential coverage. These items are often heavy and vulnerable to damage during transit. With marine insurance, you are financially safeguarded against accidents, mishandling, theft, or natural disasters that could lead to potential loss or damage.

  5. Non Hazardous Chemicals In Bags

    Marine insurance also extends coverage to the transportation of non-hazardous chemicals packed in bags. It protects against risks such as spillage, leakage, theft, or damage that may occur during shipping. This coverage ensures that businesses in the chemical industry are financially protected from unforeseen incidents during transit.

Occupancies Covered under Professional Indemnity Insurance

  1. Dentist

    As a dentist, you provide vital oral healthcare services to your patients. However, there's always a risk of professional liability claims arising from alleged negligence, errors, or malpractice. Professional indemnity insurance for dentists offers financial protection by covering legal expenses, settlements, or judgments in such cases. It ensures that you can continue practicing with confidence, knowing that you have insurance to safeguard against unforeseen professional liabilities.

  2. General Physician

    General physicians play a crucial role in diagnosing and treating various medical conditions. However, even with the utmost care and expertise, there is a risk of medical malpractice claims. Professional indemnity insurance for general physicians provides coverage for claims arising from alleged errors, misdiagnosis, or negligence in their professional services. It offers financial protection and legal support, allowing general physicians to focus on providing quality healthcare to their patients.

  3. Specialist Physician

    Specialist physicians have advanced knowledge and expertise in specific areas of medicine. However, the complexity of their practice can also lead to increased liability risks. Professional indemnity insurance for specialist physicians offers coverage against claims related to professional negligence, misdiagnosis, or procedural errors. It ensures that specialists have the necessary protection to defend themselves and their reputation in case of allegations or lawsuits.

  4. Radiologist

    Radiologists play a critical role in interpreting medical imaging tests to aid in diagnosis and treatment planning. However, errors or misinterpretations can occur, potentially leading to legal claims. Professional indemnity insurance for radiologists provides coverage for claims arising from alleged diagnostic errors, delayed diagnoses, or other professional liabilities. It offers financial protection and legal support, allowing radiologists to focus on their essential role in healthcare.

  5. Cardio Surgeon

    Cardio surgeons perform intricate and high-stakes surgeries on the heart and blood vessels. Despite their expertise, there is always a risk of complications or adverse outcomes. Professional indemnity insurance for cardio surgeons offers coverage for claims arising from alleged surgical errors, complications, or negligence. It provides financial protection and legal assistance, ensuring that cardio surgeons can continue their critical work while having the necessary support in case of professional liability claims.

Occupencies Covered under Workmen Compensation Insurance

  1. Builders - construction incl civil constructions

    Builders in the construction industry are exposed to various risks and hazards at the worksite. Workmen compensation insurance offers coverage for workers engaged in construction activities, including civil construction. It provides financial protection in case of work-related injuries, disabilities, or occupational illnesses suffered by the workers. The insurance covers medical expenses, rehabilitation costs, lost wages, and compensation for permanent or temporary disabilities, ensuring that the builder can fulfill their legal obligations towards their employees.

  2. Engineering workshop & Fabrication works (Above9 meters)

    Engineering workshops and fabrication works often involve operating heavy machinery, working at heights, and handling hazardous materials. Workmen compensation insurance offers coverage for employees working in such workshops and fabrication units that have a height of more than 9 meters. It provides compensation for injuries, disabilities, or occupational illnesses suffered by workers during their employment. The insurance covers medical expenses, rehabilitation costs, and lost wages, offering financial support to both the employees and the workshop owners.

  3. Engineering workshop & Fabrication works (up to 9 meters)

    Similar to the above category, engineering workshops and fabrication works with a height up to 9 meters also require workmen compensation insurance coverage. This insurance provides financial protection for employees engaged in these workshops, covering them in case of work-related injuries or occupational illnesses. It ensures that medical expenses, rehabilitation costs, lost wages, and compensation for disabilities are taken care of, providing a safety net for both the employees and the workshop owners.

  4. Electrical Engineers (not manufacturers) Installation and repair of plant, fittings and Appartus incl. wireless, telephone and telegraph

    Electrical engineers involved in the installation and repair of plant, fittings, and apparatus, including wireless, telephone, and telegraph systems, face inherent risks while working with electrical equipment. Workmen compensation insurance covers these engineers, providing financial protection in case of work-related injuries or occupational illnesses. The insurance compensates for medical expenses, lost wages, rehabilitation costs, and disabilities, ensuring that electrical engineers receive necessary support during their recovery.

  5. Excl. blasting and tunnelling

    Certain occupations like blasting and tunneling involve specific risks and may require specialized insurance coverage beyond workmen compensation. However, for occupations excluding blasting and tunnelling, workmen compensation insurance offers comprehensive coverage for work-related injuries or occupational illnesses. It ensures that employees receive proper medical care, rehabilitation, lost wages, and compensation for disabilities, providing a safety net for employers and employees.

Occupencies Covered under Fire & Burglary Insurance

  1. Shop - Excluding Garment Shops

    Fire and burglary insurance provides coverage for shops against the risk of fire and burglary. In the event of a fire, the insurance policy will cover the cost of damage to the shop's structure, merchandise, and other assets. Similarly, in the case of burglary or theft, the policy will provide compensation for stolen or damaged goods and any property damage caused during the break-in.

  2. Storage of non-hazardous goods (Kept inside building only)

    For businesses involved in the storage of non-hazardous goods, whether kept in a room or a factory, fire and burglary insurance offers coverage against fire-related risks and burglary incidents. If a fire occurs and damages the stored goods or the storage facility itself, the insurance policy will compensate for the losses. Additionally, if there is a burglary and goods are stolen or the storage area is damaged, the policy will provide coverage for the stolen/damaged items and any property damage.

  3. Shop - (Garment Shops)

    Garment shops face unique risks due to the presence of flammable materials and valuable inventory. Fire and burglary insurance specifically designed for garment shops offers coverage against fire-related incidents and burglary. In the event of a fire, the policy will cover the damage caused to the shop's structure, inventory, and other assets. It also provides compensation for stolen or damaged garments and any property damage resulting from a burglary.

  4. Restaurants / Hotels

    Restaurants and hotels are susceptible to fire hazards due to cooking equipment, electrical systems, and other factors. Fire and burglary insurance tailored for these establishments provides coverage against fire-related risks and burglary. In case of a fire, the policy will compensate for the damage to the building structure, furniture, fixtures, equipment, and stock. If there is a burglary incident resulting in theft or damage to property, the policy will offer coverage for the stolen/damaged items and any related property damage.

  5. Electric Lamp/T.V. Pic Tube Mfg

    Fire and burglary insurance is crucial for electric lamp and TV picture tube manufacturers. It provides coverage against fire-related risks and burglary incidents. In the event of a fire, the policy will cover the damage to the manufacturing facility, machinery, equipment, and stock. Additionally, if there is a burglary resulting in theft or damage to property, the insurance will compensate for the stolen/damaged items and any related property damage.


  • Question 1: Can I get business insurance if I have a history of claims or losses?

    Ans: Yes, it is possible to get business insurance even if you have a history of claims or losses. However, you may face higher premiums or be required to meet certain requirements, such as implementing safety measures or working with a risk management consultant.
  • Question 2: Will my business insurance cover all types of liability?

    Ans: No, not all types of liability are covered by every type of business insurance. It is important to carefully review your policy to understand what is and isn't covered. Depending on your needs, you may need to purchase additional coverage, such as cyber liability insurance or professional liability insurance.
  • Question 3: What happens if my business insurance policy lapses?

    Ans: If your business insurance policy lapses, you are no longer protected against risks and liability. Depending on your insurance provider and policy, you may be able to reinstate your coverage, but you may face higher premiums or additional requirements.
  • Question 4: Can I purchase business insurance online?

    Ans: Yes, many insurance providers offer the option to purchase business insurance online. However, it is important to carefully review policy details and compare quotes from multiple providers before making a purchase.

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