Fire Insurance

Fire insurance is a type of property insurance that covers loss or damage caused to your office buildings, home or any other site/place where you run your business. Purchasing this insurance policy helps to cover the repair cost, replacement cost or reconstruction of property as per the sum insured amount specified in the policy.

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Why is Fire Insurance important?

Let us understand the fire insurance meaning and why is it a wise choice. Here are some of the features of fire insurance that indicate why you should purchase it.

  • Protection against any loss or damage caused due to any movable or immovable object that turns into a fiery explosion.
  • A fire policy covers property damage such as furnishings, office building, machinery, stock, etc. due to a fire accident.
  • Besides, fire perils, a burglary insurance policy also provides coverage for the damages caused due to any natural calamity, explosion, bursting of the water tank, etc.

Types of Fire Insurance in India

Here are the types of fire insurance policies in India that you can purchase:

Explore Fire Insurance
  1. Standard Fire & Special Perils: This is a type of fire insurance contract between the insurer and insured that provides coverage for the loss or damage caused to the building, plan & machinery, stock and other assets for a sum insured exceeding Rs 50 Crores.

    There are 5 types of policies specifically under Standard Fire & Special Perils insurance (SFSP). They are as follows:

    • Specific Policy: A specified sum insured is determined for a particular property and in case of loss the actual loss does not exceed the chosen insured amount
    • Comprehensive Policy: This policy provides extensive coverage not only against fire related perils but also provides coverage against any other perils, such as robbery, burglary, civil rampage, etc.
    • Valued Policy: At the intimation of the policy, the value of a particular property is determined. Instead of the current market value, the indemnity of the policy is determined which is based on the value of the property. So, the agreed value at the time of purchase is the deciding factor of policy indemnity here.
    • Floating Policy: If you deal with fluctuating stocks in different areas. This policy provides coverage for one or more goods at the same time under one premium and one sum assured.
    • Valuable Policy: The claim amount is decided according to the current market price of the damaged property.
  2. Bharat Sookshma Udyam Suraksha: This policy provides coverage for the loss or damage caused to the building, property, plant & machinery, stocks and other assets for a sum insured up to Rs. 5 Crores.
  3. Bharat Laghu Udyam Suraksha: This policy provides coverage for the damage or destruction caused to the building, plant & machinery, stocks and other assets for a sum insured between Rs 5 Crores and Rs 50 Crores

Characteristics of Fire Insurance

The following are the characteristics of a fire insurance policy, which make it a unique product to others. Let us understand the characteristics, which should not be ignored:

  • One-year Policy: The term fire insurance policy is generally for a year but it can be renewed depending on the terms and conditions mentioned in the policy schedule.
  • Insurable Interest: The policy is valid when the insured has an insurable interest in the insured property. In case a loss occurs, such interest may be required. This is beneficial to the insured by the survival of the insured property and under a situation of destruction may face a loss as well.
  • Direct Loss: If the root cause of the loss or damage is fire, one may avail of this.
  • Personal Right: In case of any loss/damage under any unfortunate circumstances, the insured amount will be provided to the person whose name is mentioned in the policy document.
  • Personal Insurance Contract: The policy requires complete transparency. The insured must know the insured’s behavior. Also, the insured can only transfer the policy with the consent of the insurer only and the insurer has the right to terminate the policy if their possession of goods is transferred to a third-party.
  • Property Description: While buying a fire insurance policy it is imperative to give a proper account of the possession. This is essential because as per the location addressed in the document of the policy, the claims will be settled if in case any unfortunate event occurs at the insured place. In case if there is any change, it needs to be brought to the notice of the insurer to avoid further upshot.

Best Fire Insurance Plans in India

In the table below, have a look at the different insurance companies providing fire insurance plans in India:

Insurer Claim Settlement Ratio
Chola MS Fire Insurance 75%
IFFCO Tokio Fire Insurance 97.54%
ICICI Lombard Fire Insurance 71.66%
Liberty Videocon Fire Insurance 78.47%
Magma HDI Fire Insurance 88.18%
National Insurance Fire Insurance 61.75%
New India Assurance Fire Insurance 64.90%
Oriental Fire Insurance 81.40%
Raheja QBE Fire Insurance 40%
SBI General Fire Insurance 66.95%

Disclaimer: *Policybazaar does not recommend, rate or endorse any particular insurer or insurance product offered by an insurer.

Inclusions Under Fire Insurance in India

Covering a wide range of perils, it is often termed as Standard Fire and Special Perils Policy is also known as SFSP. In the below grid, let us have a look at the inclusion the policy offers:

Fire Insurance Perils Inclusions
Fire The policy provides coverage for any damage caused due to the fire. Besides, any damage caused due to natural heating, own fermentation or unconstrained burning is not included.
Lighting If any damage/loss occurs because of lighting, for instance, cracks in the roof/building area, etc. it will be covered.
Explosion Damage caused by a fire explosion is covered under this policy.
Aircraft Damage If any damage happens which leads to fire due to an aircraft, for instance, articles dropped by an aircraft, airborne devices etc. will be covered under the policy.
Terrorist Activity, Riots/Strike Any harm to the protected property caused because of a strike, riot or any fear-monger action, is secured by fire insurance.
Natural Calamity Any damage to the insured property due to any natural calamity such as storms, typhoons, etc. is covered under the policy.
Landslide/Rockslide You will be covered for the destruction caused to your property due to a rockslide/landslide.
Bursting/Overflowing of the Water Tank If the property is damaged due to bursting/overflowing of the water tank, it will be covered.
Bush Fire Setting fire to overgrown bushes/plants may end up damaging the property. This will be covered under the policy. Please note that the policy will not cover the destruction caused due to the forest fire.

Exclusions Under Fire Insurance Policy in India

Here are some of those events that are not covered under Fire Insurance:

  • Deliberate, willful or intentional acts
  • Loss or damage to stocks in cold storage due to change in temperature
  • War, invasion, war-like operations
  • Pollution or contamination
  • Missing property or mislaid
  • Consequential or indirect loss or damages
  • Costs, fees or expenses for preparing any claim
  • If the insured premises or building remains unoccupied for more than 30 days.
  • Unset precious stones, bullion or work of art unless specifically declared
  • Loss or damage to any of the electrical machines, short circuits, apparatus, leakage of electricity, etc. This exclusion applies to a particular machine that is lost or damaged.

Eligibility Criteria to Buy Fire Insurance Policy

If you wish to buy a fire insurance policy, the following is the criteria:

  • Any person/organisation/institution/firm that may endure or need to insure his/her business from an unforeseen misfortune in case of a fire.
  • Anyone who possesses a building, furniture, household articles and so on.
  • Retailers or shopkeepers, godown keepers.
  • Banks, financial, education, research institutes, and so on.
  • Service suppliers include hotel owners, medical clinics, lodging, clinics and so on.
  • Manufacturing and industrial firms, transporters.

Add-on Coverage in Fire Insurance

Upon the payment of an additional premium of fire insurance, the insured can benefit the following add-on coverage:

  • Earthquake
  • Wreckage removal
  • Forest fire
  • Loss of rent
  • Start-up cost
  • Alternate accommodation
  • Unconstrained burning
  • Damage to stock due to change of temperature
  • Leakage and contamination cover
  • Architect, engineers, Surveyors consultation fee
  • Cover for molten metal spillage
  • Impact loss owing to insured’s own road/rail transit

Selecting Sum Insured for Fire Insurance

Sum insured is one important aspectwhen you buy fire insurance policy. It is of utmost importance to be much careful while choosing a sum insured.

The following things need to be kept in mind while deciding the sum insured for a fire insurance policy:

  • Stock
  • Building
  • Valuables, precious materials or antiques
  • Plan and machinery, furniture or other important personal assets

Tips to File Fire Insurance Claim

Filing a claim for fire insurance is simple if approached in the correct direction. Below are steps to claim your fire insurance policy, which are:

  • First thing, in case of any unfortunate mishap wherein you need to file a claim inform the insurer at the earliest.
  • Furnish a detailed account of damaged properties along with an estimated cost for the equivalent.
  • It is imperative to cooperate with the surveyors if they look forward to you for any kind of assistance or additional information.
  • Help the surveyor in every manner possible. It might sound annoying but it is better to take a tour of the damaged premises. This will enable a quick settlement against the claim filed.

Documents Required to File Fire Insurance Claim

The following is the list of common documents, which will be required while filling any claim related to fire insurance:

  • An authorised copy of the policy, which includes the schedule and clauses.
  • The complete duly filled claim form.
  • In case, if the incident is published a proof to substantiate the same such as a Newspaper proof.
  • Records of previous claims, if any.
  • Photographs
  • Report by the fire brigade.
  • Forensic report wherever is needed.
  • A copy of the final investigation report.

The truth is that if you own a business it is always vulnerable to risks despite the precautions you undertake or you use the technological advancements. It is better to take care of the possibilities. It is better to be safe than sorry.

What are you waiting for? Buy fire insurance today!

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Policybazaar for Business - Fire Insurance - Customer Reviews
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Based on 83 reviews
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Based on 83 reviews
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4.8 October 09, 2022
Amazing Customer Support
I am using a fire insurance policy from policybazaar and experienced amazing feedback from them in claim settlement. I have a sports merchandise shop that caught fire last yearI raised a claim which was resolved within a few days without any hassles.
4.8 October 08, 2022
Helpful Support
The support team of Policybazaar is really helpful and prompt. They solve all your queries fast. Would definitely recommend Policybazaar for purchasing insurance .
4.8 October 07, 2022
Extensive Cover
Got a fire insurance policy for my shop and it was really extensive with so many features. Purchased it from Policybazaar without paying any commission fees. Great coverage.
4.5 October 06, 2022
User Friendly Website
We deal in the cotton industry and suffered a huge loss last year because of the fire. We were looking for insurance to safeguard us financially from any such incident in the future. We landed on the policybazaar website and bought fire insurance. Their website is well managed and gives all the necessary information.
4.8 October 05, 2022
Plans Are In Budget
Had to purchase a fire insurance which should be in my budget as I run a very small store. Got a lot of affordable plans on Policybazaar and purchased the one that suited my budget. All plans are in budget and with so many features.
4.3 October 04, 2022
Covered My Shop
I have a shop of garments and it caught fire last year in which I lost items worth thousands. Purchased a fire insurance from Policybazaar and now I feel really relieved that it would financially cover my shop in such circumstances.
4.3 October 03, 2022
Faster Claim Settlement
A part of my warehouse having thousands of material caught fire. Luckily I had a fire insurance policy that I could claim and received compensation from them. It was such a relief. The claim settlement team at Policybazaar is helpful and really quick.
4.5 October 02, 2022
I have a warehouse of clothes and was planning to buy a fire insurance policy to cover my material from unwanted fire. Got a really affordable plan from Policybazaar with some really great features.
4.5 October 01, 2022
Budget Friendly
Wanted to cover my crockery shop from fire and was searching for an affordable plan. Found a great plan at Policybazaar which suited my budget.
4.5 September 30, 2022
Instant Purchase
Wanted a fire insurance policy for my crockery business and could purchase it instantly from Policybazaar. The process was quick instant and very easy.

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