Know about Post Office Saving Schemes
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Updated date : 17 June 2020
Are you looking for a risk-free investment option, which is ideal for tax saving too? Then, Post Office Savings Scheme is a one-stop solution for you. Post-office savings schemes are specifically designed for rural and urban investors who are looking for a secured investment avenue and want to gain the benefit of guaranteed return.
The Post-office savings schemes are offered by the Department of Post under the Ministry of Communication of the Government of India. As a government-backed savings schemes, these are very easy to enroll and require limited documentation. Moreover, these schemes carry minimum risk as compared to the other investment options.
To help you now more about Post-Office Savings Scheme, further in this article we have discussed in detail the schemes available with the postal department.
Types of Post-Office Savings Scheme
- Post-office savings account
- National Savings Recurring Deposit Account
- National Savings Monthly Income Account
- National Savings Time Deposit Account
- National Savings Certificates (VIII Issue) Account
- Public Provident Fund Account
- Sukanya Samriddhi Account
- Kisan Vikas Patra Account
1. Post Office Savings Account
The post office savings account offers a yearly interest rate of 4% on the individual or joint accounts. The investors can open the account with a minimum cash payment of Rs.500. The account can be opened by a single adult, for the joint account (maximum 2 adults), minor above 10 years age, guardians on behalf of the minor, or a person of unsound mind. As a tax saving option of investment, the interest earned on the contribution made towards POSA is tax-free up to Rs.10,000 each year. The scheme also offers the facility to choose the nominee while opening the account or after opening the account. The interest rate of the post-office savings scheme is fixed through the year and is subject to change from time to time as declared by the government.
2.National Savings Recurring Deposit Account
National Savings Recurring Deposit scheme is specifically designed to help the small investors to accumulate capital in order to meet the short-term and long-term future financial needs. The NSRD post office account interest rate is 5.8% per annum which is compounded quarterly. The account can be open by any individual, maximum of 3 adults in case of the joint account, minor above 10 years of age, or a guardian of the person of unsound mind/ minor. A minimum contribution of Rs.100 per month is required to open the account.
The national savings recurring deposit account comes with a maturity tenure of 5 years from the date of opening the account and can be extended for a further 5 years. Moreover, the scheme also offers the facility to choose the nominee while opening the account. The National Savings Recurring Deposit Account allows premature closure after the completion of 3 years from the date of opening the account.
3. National Savings Monthly Income Account
This post office scheme is ideal for investors who want to have a regular flow of income after retirement or for those who want to gain a steady flow of regular income. The interest rate applicable to the National Savings Monthly Income account is 6.6% per annum payable monthly. The individual can invest in the multiple of INR.1000/- and can make a maximum investment up to a limit of Rs. 4.5 lakh in a single account and Rs.9 lakh in a joint account. The account can be opened by a single adult, for the joint account (maximum 3 adults), guardian o behalf of minor or person of unsound mind and minor above 10 years of age.
The applicable rate of interest is notified quarterly by the government from time to time and is payable monthly. The scheme offers the facility to choose the nominee at the time of opening the account. The maximum maturity period of the policy is 5 years and the account can be transferred from one post office to another. Moreover, subscribers can convert the single account into a joint account and vice versa.
4. National Savings Time Deposit Account
Backed by the government of India, the National Savings Time Deposit scheme offers four accounts with different maturity periods. The national savings time deposit scheme account comes with a maturity period of 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, and 5 years. Under this scheme, the interest is payable annually but computed quarterly. The minimum amount required to open the account is INR 1000/-.
The account can be opened by a single adult, for the joint account (maximum 3 adults), guardian o behalf of minor or person of unsound mind and minor above 10 years of age. Let’s take a look at the interest rate from 01.04.2020 to 30.06.2020
|1 year A/C||5.5%|
|2 year A/C||5.5%|
|3 year A/C||5.5%|
|5 year A/C||6.7%|
In this post office savings scheme, the subscribers can choose the nominee at the time of opening the account or after opening the account. The subscribers also have the option to transfer the account from one post-office to another and can also convert the single account into a joint account and vice versa.
5. National Savings Certificate (VIII Issue) Account
Under this pension savings scheme, an individual can start investing with a minimum sum of Rs.1000/- there is no applicable cap on the maximum investment amount. The applicable interest rate on the National Savings Certificate account is 6.8% which is compounded annually but payable at maturity. As a safe and lucrative option of investment, the scheme also offers an opportunity to save on tax. The deposits made under the scheme are applicable for tax exemption under section 80C of the IT Act.
National Savings Certificates can be purchased by,
- An individual adult
- For joint account (A) ( Maximum 3 individuals)
- For joint account (B) ( Maximum 3 individuals)
- Minor above the age of 10 years
- Guardian on behalf of a minor or on behalf of a person of unsound mind.
In the case of NSC VIII, the transfer of certificates from one account holder to another can be done only once from the date of issuance to the date of scheme maturity.
6. Public Provident Fund Account
Backed by the government of India, this is one of the most popular tax saving investment options available in India. PPF is specifically designed for individuals who are looking for a safe investment option and who wants to create a financial cushion in the long-term so that they can have a financially secured life after retirement. The individual can open the PPF account with a minimum investment of Rs.500 and can invest up to a maximum Rs.1.5 lakh in a financial year. The public provident fund comes with a maturity period of 5 years, which can be further extended for 5 years within 1 year of maturity.
The interest rate applicable to the PPF scheme is 7.1% per annum which is compounded annually. The interest rate applicable to the PPF account is regulated by the central government every quarter. Besides this, the contribution made towards PPF accounts up to the maximum limit of Rs. 1.5 lakh is eligible for tax exemption under Section 80C of Income Tax Act. Moreover, the interest earned on the PPF investment is also exempted from tax.
Even though PPF comes with a lock-in period of 15 years, partial withdrawals can be made in case of emergencies. However, the withdrawal can be made after completion of 5 years of activation of the account.
7. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Account
As a part of the ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padao” campaign, Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana is a government-backed savings scheme, which is specifically designed to secure the financial future of the girl child. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana account can be open by the parent of the girl child below the age of 10 years. SSY has a tenure of 21 years or until the girl child is married after the age of 18 years.
As one of the lucrative options of investment of the post-office savings scheme, the scheme offers an interest rate of 7.6% per annum ( applicable from 01-04-2020). The interest rate calculated on a yearly basis and is compounded annually. The parent of the girl child can open the account with a minimum investment of Rs.250/- and can invest up to a maximum Rs.1.5 lakh in a financial year. Deposition can be made into the account till the completion of 15 years of the period from the date of opening the account. As a tax saving investment option Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana offers the benefit of tax exemption on the investment made towards the account up to the maximum limit of Rs.1.5 lakh U/S 80C of the IT Act.
8. Kisan Vikas Patra Account
This is a post-office savings scheme option, which is available in the form of certificates. As a fixed rate small savings scheme option, it is specifically designed to double the one-time investment in a period of approximately 10 years & 4 months. Kisan vikas patra scheme was introduced by the India Post-Office with an objective to initiate long-term financial discipline in people. You can open the account with a minimum investment of Rs.1000, there is no cap applicable to the maximum investment.
Kisan Vikas Patra Certificates can be purchased by,
- An adult individual
- Joint account A (maximum 3 adults)
- Joint account B (Maximum 3 adults)
- Minor above the age of 10 years.
- Guardian on behalf of the minor or on behalf of a person of unsound mind.
The KVP certificates can be transferred to one person to another or from one post office to another. Moreover, KVP also offers the facility to choose the nominee at the time of opening the account or after opening the account.
Comparison of Different Post Office Savings Schemes
|Post Office Savings Schemes||Applicable Rate of Interest||Tax Deduction on Investment||Interest Taxable|
|Post Office Savings Account||4.0%||NO||Yes|
|National Savings Recurring Deposit Account||5.8%||No||Yes|
|National Savings Monthly Income Account||6.6%||No||Yes|
|National Savings Time Deposit Account||1 year A/C-||5.5%||No||Yes|
|2 year A/C-||5.5%||No||Yes|
|3 year A/C-||5.5%||No||Yes|
|5 year A/C-||6.7%||No||Yes|
|National Savings Certificate (VIII Issue) Account||6.8%||Yes||No|
|Public Provident Fund Account||7.1%||Yes||Yes|
|Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Account||7.6%||Yes||Yes|
|Kisan Vikas Patra Account||6.9%||No||Yes|
Wrapping it UP!
These are the savings scheme options offered by Post-Office. These schemes are a remunerative option of investment as it not only offers safety but also provides the benefit of guaranteed return. However, as with all investment plans, you will need to do your homework, before you start investing your hard-earned money. Invest your money wisely is all that we can advise!
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