Types of Pension Plans

An integral part of retirement planning is a good pension plan –and with so many pension plan types in the market, it is easy to have a financial safeguard as one’s income sources become lower or get exhausted with progressing age. Pension plans are simple, easy to understand and implement and offer assured income in one’s retirement years.

Read more
  • Peaceful Post-Retirement Life

  • Tax Free Regular Income

  • Wealth Generation to beat Inflation

We are rated~
6.7 Crore
Registered Consumers
Insurance Partners
3.4 Crore
Policies Sold

Invest ₹6,000/month & Get Tax Free Monthly Pension of ₹60,000

Get the best returns & make the most of your Golden years

We don’t spam
Please wait. We Are Processing..
Your personal information is secure with us
Plans available only for people of Indian origin By clicking on "View Plans" you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms of use #For a 55 year on investment of 20Lacs #Discount offered by insurance company
Get Updates on WhatsApp
We are rated~
6.7 Crore
Registered Consumers
Insurance Partners
3.4 Crore
Policies Sold

There are many types of pension plan, each of which have their pros and cons. Here are some important things you need to know about these plans: 

Working of Pension Plans

Accumulation phase: This is the period starting from when an individual buys a pension plan, until he/she retires. It involves regular payment of premiums, which remain invested suitably. Premiums paid enjoy tax benefits under Sections 80C/80CCC of the Income Tax Act. 

Annuity phase: On retirement/maturity, investors can enjoy tax-free withdrawal of one-third of the accumulated corpus. The remaining amount cannot be withdrawn, it needs to be used to purchase an annuity plan. This is referred to as the annuity phase. The annuity plan investment becomes a steady source of regular pension, which varies as per prevailing interest rates and is fully taxable. 

Boon or Bane?

  1. Encourages Discipline

    If you are a compulsive spender, a pension plan could be a boon. These plans encourage discipline as you have to set aside a fixed amount towards premium payments - non-payment turns out to be expensive. 

    For others too, the enforced financial disciple pays handsomely in the long term. Pension plan types in the market today have become competitive and are almost at par with other investment products. 

  2. Tax Implications 

    On maturity, pension plans permit investors to withdraw only one-third of the accumulated corpus tax-free, and the balance amount goes towards purchasing an annuity plan. Also, the pension earned is taxable. This often confuses investors if their funds could have been directed towards a more tax-efficient option. 

    Besides, after the deductions under Section 80CCC have been made a part of the overall 1.5 lakh limit under Section 80C, most individuals easily cross this limit after factoring in home loans, PFs, insurance premiums, etc.

    In effect, the final tax benefit from paying the premium of different types of pension plans may be negligible to nil. 

  3. Mandatory Annuity Purchase 

    With all pension plan types, after one-third of the accumulated corpus is withdrawn, it is mandatory to purchase an annuity plan with the balance two-third corpus amount. This becomes a major constraint if urgent financial crises crop up where liquid funds are needed.

  4. Insufficient Flexibility 

    Since the core objective of a pension plan is to save for the long-term, premature exits are discouraged and may pose problems. Being tied down with one fund for what could possibly be decades, flexibility becomes a concern. Therefore, even if the fund is not doing well or more attractive investment options become available, the investor cannot exit the pension plan. 

  5. Diversification Takes a Hit 

    Most pension plan types are typically restricted to a limited investment portfolio, unlike mutual funds and shares that allow a large, balanced, and diversified portfolio. Since most people usually have only one pension plan, the portfolio becomes concentrated and diversification takes a hit. 

Read Also: What is an Annuity | Present Value of an Annuity

Types of pension plans

  1. Plans by Insurance Companies 

    Life insurance companies have started offering different types of pension plans, categorised as endowment plans and unit linked pension plans (ULPPs). Traditional endowment plans invest the corpus only in debt instruments including government bonds, government securities, etc. Since safety is a major concern here, returns are typically not too high. 

    ULPPs are market-linked pension plan types. Depending on his/her risk profile, the investor can decide the asset allocation of the fund – a mix of debt and equity, 100% debt, or 100% equity. In addition, ULPPs allow investors to switch their fund profile in accordance with their changing life circumstances. For instance, if you are a young investor, you can afford to take more risks, and hence could begin with 100% equity and then gradually switch to debt as you grow older. With transparency in cost structures and higher flexibility, ULPPs usually win over conventional endowment-type pension plans.

  2. Plans from Mutual Funds 

    Only a few government-approved pension schemes from mutual funds are presently available, all of which offer 80CCC benefits. These schemes are the equivalent of normal balanced mutual funds, with a 40:60 equity-debt asset allocation. However, with these plans, you only get a single fund option and you have to pay an exit load for withdrawals made before retirement/maturity. 

National Pension System (NPS)

National Pension Plan(NPS) functions like a regular pension plan. Its typical features are: 

Three fund options - 100% government securities, 100% debt (other than government securities), maximum 50% equity Minimum fixed contribution of INR 500 per month/6,000 per annumFixed retirement age is 60 years annual fund management fees and other flat charges are lowTaxes like securities transaction tax, dividend distribution tax, etc. that normally apply while transacting in securities are not applicable for NPSOn retirement, you get back up to 60% (taxable) and the balance needs to go towards purchasing an annuity planYou need to withdraw 10% each year. When you turn 70, the entire balance is repaid in your account If you quit earlier, you get 20% and the balance gets you the annuity

NPS is akin to other regular pension plans and comes with the same drawbacks. Therefore, it is best to create your own portfolio of Mutual Funds, PPF, EPF etc. as this would offer greater diversification and higher flexibility.

*All savings are provided by the insurer as per the IRDAI approved insurance plan.
*Tax benefit is subject to changes in tax laws. Standard T&C Apply
~Source - Google Review Rating available on:- http://bit.ly/3J20bXZ

Secure Your Retirement Today
Start Investing ₹6,000/month
Get Pension ₹60,000/month+
Including Life Cover
View Plan
Pension Plans
+Standard T&A Applied
Disclaimer: Policybazaar does not endorse, rate or recommend any particular insurer or insurance product offered by an insurer.
Secure your Retirement today!
+ Standard T & C Apply*
Pension Calculator
Pension Calculator
How much do you need to save for retirement?
₹ 20,000
₹ 25,000
₹ 30,000
Monthly Expenses in 2023
Edit Done
Your expense go up every year by
Today 2023 Your expenses today in 2023, at the age of 34 Yrs
Your expenses in 2043, at the age of 55 Yrs
For a monthly pension of ₹77,300
you need to invest
Calculated as per past performance of 15%
View Plan Recalculate?

Pension plans articles

Recent Articles
Popular Articles
NPS vs ULIP - Which One Is Better?

10 Oct 2023

NPS (National Pension System) and ULIP (Unit Linked Insurance
Read more
Best Mutual Funds for Retirement

21 Sep 2023

Planning for a secure and comfortable retirement is a financial
Read more
Mahila Samman Savings Certificate (MSSC)

04 Sep 2023

The Mahila Samman Savings Certificate (MSSC) or Mahila Samman
Read more
Single-Premium Pension Plan

28 Aug 2023

Single-Premium Pension Plan is a type of pension plan in which
Read more
Inflation Impact on Pension

12 Jul 2023

Inflation is an economic process that affects various aspects of
Read more
Sevarth Mahakosh
Sevarth Mahakosh Portal is a one-stop solution for all state government employees' financial transactions and
Read more
How to Unfreeze NPS Account?
Are you facing trouble accessing your NPS account and being unable to deposit your recurring subscription? Do not
Read more
NPS Calculator for Government Employees
National Pension Scheme or National Pension System (NPS) is launched by the Government of India for all its
Read more
NPS Calculator 2023
An NPS Calculator is an online tool used to estimate the future value of contributions made under the National
Read more
Post Office NPS Calculator 2023
National Pension System is a scheme launched by the Government of India that offers stability to all Indian
Read more

Download the Policybazaar app
to manage all your insurance needs.