Vidhwa Pension Yojana

Widow Pension Scheme, also known as the Vidhwa Pension Scheme, was introduced to provide financial support to the poor widows of India. A widow whose household is below the poverty line is eligible for the benefits of the Vidhwa Pension Scheme. In this case, the beneficiary must apply through the prescribed form.

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What is the Vidhwa Pension Yojana?

The Widow Pension Scheme is an initiative by the Central Government of India to provide financial support to widows after their husband's demise. It offers a regular pension in the form of fixed monthly payouts, empowering widows to financially support themselves and their families.

The scheme aims to help widows achieve financial independence, take care of their families, and live a life without financial stress. It's important to note that no other family member can avail themselves of the benefits after the widow's demise. The benefits and the process of applying for the scheme may vary from one state to another. So, it's advisable to check with your local authorities for the specific details applicable to your area.

For example:

  • The central government scheme, Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS), is for widows in the age group of 40 to 59 years belonging to Below Poverty Line (BPL) families.

  • Many state governments in India also have their own widow pension schemes. These schemes may have different eligibility criteria and pension amounts. 

  • Uttar Pradesh offers a widow pension scheme for women aged 18-60 from BPL families.

  • BPL, or Below Poverty Line, is a socioeconomic classification that identifies individuals or households with income and living conditions that fall below a certain limit considered necessary to meet basic needs such as food, shelter, and clothing.

Benefits of The Widow Pension Scheme

Below are the benefits of the Vidhwa Pension Yojana:

  • Provides fixed monthly payments to widows for financial stability.

  • Pension amounts are directly deposited into widows' bank accounts by the government.

  • Upon reaching 80 years of age, the pension increases to Rs 500 per month.

  • In major Indian states, the monthly pension is approximately Rs 300.

  • Pension amounts range from Rs 300 to Rs 2000, varying by state.

Eligibility Criteria for Vidhwa Pension Yojana

  • The widow must be an Indian citizen.

  • The widow must be at least 18 years old.

  • She must belong to the Below Poverty Line (BPL) category and should have a BPL scorecard.

  • If the widow remarries or gets married again, she will no longer qualify for the scheme and its benefits.

  • If the widow's children are financially capable of supporting her, she will not be eligible for the scheme.

People Also Read: National Pension Scheme

Application Process for Widow Pension Scheme

The process for applying for the Vidhwa Pension Yojana, a beneficial scheme for widows in India, is straightforward but can differ slightly depending on your state. There are two main ways to apply: online and offline.

  1. Offline Application:

    • Visit your local Janpad Panchayat Office or Municipal Corporation Office.

    • Request a free application form for the Vidhwa Pension Scheme.

    • Fill out the application form accurately with all the required details.

  2. Online Application (if available in your state):

    • Go to your state government's official website.

    • Locate the section for the Social Welfare Department or Widow Pension Scheme.

    • Find the option to download or fill out the application form online (specific instructions may vary by state).

    • Fill out the application form completely and either submit it online (if allowed) or download and print a copy.

Whether you applied online or offline, submit the duly filled application form along with the required documents (mentioned below) to the Janpad Panchayat Office or the Municipal Corporation Office.

Required Documents for Vidhwa Pension Yojana:

  • Applicant's photograph

  • Identity proof (Aadhaar Card, Voter ID, Ration Card)

  • BPL scorecard (if applicable)

  • Proof of Date of Birth (Birth Certificate)

  • Bank account passbook copy

  • Deceased husband's death certificate

  • Income certificate (if applicable)

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Who Should Opt For The Widow Pension Scheme?

  • It is beneficial for single women who rely on family support but need additional financial assistance to reduce their burden.

  • Single women below the poverty line facing financial challenges due to commitments they cannot afford with their current income can apply for the Vidhwa Pension Yojana.

  • Women with aspirations for personal development and need financial stability to fulfill their dreams can benefit from this scheme.

  • Single women who earn an income but struggle to support dependent family members, such as their husband's parents or their own children, should consider opting for the scheme.

Insurance Policy Under Married Women’s Property Act (MWPA) 

Under the Married Women’s Property Act (MWPA), a husband has the option to secure an insurance policy for himself and designate it under MWPA to safeguard the interests of his wife or children. Here are the key points regarding insurance policies under MWPA:

  • Purpose: The primary purpose of this arrangement is to ensure financial protection for the wife and/or children of the policyholder in the event of his death.

  • Beneficiaries: The beneficiaries named in the policy can be the wife and/or the children of the policyholder. They are entitled to receive the death benefit if the policyholder passes away during the policy term.

  • Protection: The benefits from the insurance policy cannot be claimed by anyone other than the specified beneficiaries, such as relatives, parents, siblings, or creditors. This provision ensures that the family members named in the policy are protected and receive the intended benefits.

  • Survival or Maturity Benefits: If the insurance policy includes survival or maturity benefits, such benefits will also be directed to the wife and/or children who have been designated as beneficiaries in the policy.

Life Insurance for Single Women's Financial Freedom

Life insurance plays an important role in securing the financial freedom of single women. Here's how:

  • If the breadwinner of the family, often the husband, passes away, life insurance ensures that his wife, children, and other dependents are financially protected from hardship.

  • Life insurance plans offer a safety net during uncertain situations, providing stability and security to loved ones in times of need.

  • Single women can opt for retirement policies alongside life insurance. These policies help in:

    • Parking additional savings for retirement.

    • Ensuring a fixed monthly income post-retirement, leading to financial freedom.

  • It's important for every individual to prioritize financial security for their family. Life insurance plans provide a life cover that guarantees a death benefit to loved ones in case of unexpected demise during the policy term.

  • Retirement plans from insurers offer options to manage retirement corpus for annuity benefits and other savings, ensuring a regular monthly income for single women. This independence allows them to lead successful and independent lives.

Policybazaar offers flexible plans that can be customised to individual family commitments. Options like immediate or deferred annuity provide choices to start receiving monthly income as per preference, ensuring maximal benefits for policyholders.


The Widow Pension Scheme acts as a safety net for many single women facing financial hardship. By providing a regular income it reduces financial burden and empowers them to plan for the future with greater security. This scheme is an important step towards ensuring the well-being of women in our society.

Vidhwa Pension Yojana FAQs

  • How To Apply for the Widow Pension Scheme?

    Through E-disha Center, Atal Seva Kendra
  • What are the interest rates for widow's benefits?

    The scheme does not offer any interest rates. It solely offers a set monthly pension.
  • How much is the widow's pension?

    Widows aged between 40 and 79 years receive a pension of Rs. 300/- per month. Those aged 80 years and above receive Rs. 500/- per month as pension. However, the amount may vary from state to state.
  • How much does a widow get from the Vidhwa pension?

    Different states offer different amounts to the widows of their State. However, most states provide Rs.300 to Rs.500 per month.
  • Who is eligible for the Vidhwa pension?

    The recipient should be a widow, below the poverty line, and a resident of the State under which she is applying for the Vidhwa Pension Yojana. The age group and other factors differ from State to State and are not generic.
  • Does a wife get her husband's state pension when he dies?

    When the husband is deceased, some of the State pension entitlement may pass to his wife (widow). However, the widow may get an extra state pension if they are entitled to it when they reach at the age of state pension.
  • Do widows get old-age pension benefits?

    The old age pension is offered to women who are 60 years old or older. The maximum income that a beneficiary should have to qualify for the benefits of this scheme is Rs.2000 per month.
  • What should be the minimum age of the widow to avail pension?

    To avail pension, a widow's age should be 18 or more than 18 years.
  • What is the objective behind introducing Vidhwa Pension Yojana?

    The primary objective behind the Vidhwa Pension Yojana is to support widows by providing widow pension amount and other government benefits for widows.

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