The EPS full form is the Employee Pension Scheme that came into effect in the year 1995 for the convenience of employees working under different organizations and companies. All the employees who come under the Employee Provident Fund Scheme are entitled to Employee Pension Scheme.Read more
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According to the latest changes made in Employee Pension Scheme (EPS), effective from 1 September 2014, the employee pension fund in India is distributed as 12% of the employee's salary, which is accumulated in the EPF account of the employee. For the EPS pension scheme, 12% of the salary of the employer is divided into 3.67%, 8.33% for EPS, 1.1% as admin charge for EPF, 0.5% for EDLI, and 0.1% as EDLI admin charges. The minimum pension amount offered under the employee pension scheme is Rs. 1,000, and all employees whose salary is below 15,000 per month are mandatory to have an EPF account. Employee deposit linked insurance scheme (EDLI) coverage for the employees has increased from Rs.1.56 lakhs to Rs.3 Lakhs.
The following are the eligibility criteria to avail of the benefits of the EPS pension scheme:
The individual must be a member of the EPFO (Employees Provident Fund Organization)
To get the pension benefit under EPS, one is needed to complete ten years of service and should have reached the age of 50 years to get early pension. For a regular pension one must be at least 58 years old.
In case of non-payment of pension for 2 years before the age of 60, the pension will be receivable at an additional rate of 4% annually.
Employee Pension Scheme is eligible only if an individual has completed at least 10 years of service.
Only the employers can contribute towards EPS, and the employee cannot contribute towards EPS directly. The employer's contribution of 8.33% goes towards the employees' pension scheme, and the remaining 3.67% goes towards EPF. Hence, in total, including the contribution of the employees, 8.33% of the amount is contributed towards EPS, and 15.67% is contributed towards EPF.
Let's take a look at some of the salient features of the Employee Pension Scheme.
To be eligible for EPS, one must have an EPF account.
Only the employers contribute towards EPS.
An individual can withdraw EPS amount depending on their duration of service and age. Moreover, the EPS can also be carried forward to the next job.
In case of a job change, only the employee pension fund is transferred to the new employer, whereas, the EPS is not transferred.
In case the employee changes their job, the contribution made towards EPS is kept with the Employees' Provident Fund Organization (EPFO).
There is a simple and easy rule to calculate the Employee Pension Scheme amount for all the individuals availing of the benefits of this scheme. In EPS, if,
The service offered is rounded up to 1 year
The service offered for that financial year will not be taken into account
In simple words, if an employee has worked for 10 years and 7 months in an organization, then 11 years of service will be taken into consideration. However, if the employee has worked for 10 years and 4 months, 10 years of service will be considered.
Dearness Allowance (DA), along with a 12% contribution by the employee and the employer from the employee's basic salary, is the pension contribution on EPF. The 12% contribution by the employer is divided in the following ways:
EPF (Employee Provident Fund) Contribution: 3.67%
EPS (Employee Pension Scheme) Contribution: 8.33%
A Universal Account Number, popularly known as the UAN number, is used to check the Employee Pension Scheme account balance on the EPFO (Employee's Provident Fund Organization) portal.
It is important to have an active UAN number to carry out the process. After the activation of the UAN number, the following steps need to be followed to check the EPF Balance:
Visit the official website of EPFO that is https://www.epfindia.gov.in/site_en/index.php.
Under the Services dropdown, select the "For Employees" section.
Scroll down and select the "Member Passbook" option under the "Services" option.
Enter the correct credentials, like,
User Name, which is the UAN number
Captcha details on the screen
Finally, click on "Login."
Next, click on your respective Member ID for the EPS pension scheme account.
What is the pension contribution in EPF till date will be displayed on the screen under the "Pension Contribution".
You can easily download the details for your future reference.
Calculation of monthly pension of the employee is divided into 2 sub-categories:
Calculation of pension for employees who started working before 16 November 1995
Calculation of pension for employees who started working after 16 November 1995
Let us understand the calculations for both categories mentioned above in detail:
In the case of an employee who joined an organization before 16 November 1995, the pension amount is directly related to the salary bracket they fall in. Here is the pension break-up as per the salary bracket of an employee:
|Years of service||Pension Amount (In case the salary is Rs.2,500 or less)||Pension Amount (In case the salary is more than Rs.2,500)|
|10 years||Rs. 80||Rs. 85|
|from 11 years to 15 years||Rs. 95||Rs. 105|
|from 15 years to 20 years||Rs. 120||Rs. 135|
|More than 20 years||Rs. 150||Rs. 170|
*All savings are provided by the insurer as per the IRDAI approved insurance plan. Standard T&C Apply
A simple formula is used to calculate the pension for employees who started working after 16 November 1995:
EPS = (Pensionable salary X Number of years worked) / 70
Pensionable salary = monthly salary for the last 12 months before the employee exists from the Employee Pension Scheme.
The number of years worked = The service period completed by the employee under the Employee Pension Scheme. EPS certificate is important for the employee before switching the job.
It is important to know that two years bonus is added if the employee completes 20 years of service.
Following are the pension withdrawal rules under the Employee Pension Scheme:
The employee can withdraw the number of EPS even if they have not completed ten years of service. However, if an individual is in service and has not completed ten years then they cannot withdraw the EPS amount. EPS amount can only be withdrawn if the individual quits the company before joining the new company.
The individual can withdraw the savings of EPS on the EPFO portal by claiming Form 10C. The employee should have an active UAN and link it to the KYC details to withdraw the savings from the employee pension scheme. Based on the years of service one can only withdraw a percentage of the Employee Pension Scheme amount.
If the employee serves more than ten years of service, they can withdraw the Employee Pension Scheme amount by filing Form 10C.
|Form Name||Filled By||Benefits|
|Form 10C||Nominee or member||Scheme certificate Withdrawal benefit|
|Form 10D||Member||To avail pension after 50 years of age but before 58 years.
To avail pension after 58 years of age. To avail a disability pension.
|Form 10D||The beneficiary or widower/widow or children||To avail family pension. To avail beneficiary or dependent pension. To avail orphan or children pension.|
|Life Certificate||Pensioner||To be submitted by nominee or children every November. To be submitted pension disbursing bank manager.|
|Non-remarriage certificate||Widow/widower||To be submitted by widower annually. To be submitted by the widow at the initiation of pension. To be submitted pension disbursing bank manager.|
Let's take a look at some of the significant terms and conditions of the Employee Pension Scheme.
To avail pension under an employee pension scheme, an employee must complete ten years of service.
An individual can avail pension only if they have obtained 50 years of age.
It is not allowed to have more than one EPF account.
The government contribution towards EPF is limited to up to 1.16% of Rs. 15,000. The maximum government contribution in a pension account is Rs.174.
The pension of the employee under EPS is computed for two categories. The first category is for those who joined EPS before 15 November 1995, and the other is for those who joined EPS after this date. In case the individual has completed ten years of service, he/she is eligible to claim pension once they obtain at the age of 50 or 58.
One can also avail pension through the process of superannuation wherein one is required to complete ten years of service and can continue to work and is above 58 years of age. However, no fresh contribution to EPF will be made. An individual can take an early pension in case they have served ten years of job, has obtained 50 or 58 years of age, or is unfit for a job because of permanent/ total disability. In case of the demise of the individual, the pension is provided to the spouse and two children. However, the children must have to be less than 25 years of age to get the pension benefit.
Once the employee reaches 50 years of age, they are entitled to receive a pension by scheme certificate. To avail of the regular pension, the employees are needed to fill from 10-D. In case, one holds more than one scheme certificate then they can directly visit the EPF office. However, one needs to get the attestation done by the bank manager of the employee's 10-D form.
If the employee has not completed 10 years of a job, then they can claim the pension refund. To do so, the employee is required to fill the 10-C form and EPF withdrawal form and submit it through the employer.
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