How to Plan Retirement Income in India?

For NRIs retirement is a significant phase in life that marks the transition from a career-oriented lifestyle to a period of relaxation and leisure. As you approach this stage, it becomes important to plan your retirement income to ensure financial security and a comfortable lifestyle during your golden years.

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In this article we will discuss the ways through which you can plan your retirement income easily. 

Understanding Retirement Planning

Planning for retirement in India is essential for non-resident Indians who wish to ensure a secure and comfortable future during their golden years. Just like any individual, NRIs need to carefully consider various factors while setting their retirement goals and devising a suitable strategy to achieve them.

For NRIs looking to plan their retirement in India, it's essential to take thoughtful steps to ensure a secure future. By considering factors like living expenses, healthcare costs, inflation, and desired lifestyle, informed decisions can be made for selecting the right retirement plan. With disciplined saving and careful planning, NRIs can achieve financial independence and enjoy peace of mind during their retirement.

Why Retirement Planning is Important?

Here are a few reasons why retirement planning is essential:

  • Financial Independence: Retirement planning allows you to achieve financial independence, ensuring that you don't have to rely on others for financial support during your retirement years.

  • Maintaining Lifestyle: By planning your retirement income, you can maintain the same lifestyle you had during your working years, without compromising on your desires and aspirations.

  • Medical Expenses: Healthcare costs tend to increase with age. Effective retirement planning ensures that you have sufficient funds to cover medical expenses and emergencies.

  • Inflation: For NRIs, it's essential to consider the impact of inflation on their savings. Over time, inflation decreases the purchasing power of money, making it less valuable. To safeguard your finances and maintain a stable retirement income, investing in India can be a wise choice. By putting your money into assets that have the potential to grow and outpace inflation, you can protect your wealth and secure a better financial future.

People Also Read: How to Get 50k pension per month in India as NRI? 

What are the Factors that Need to be Considered while Retirement Planning?

  1. Setting Financial Goals

    To begin your retirement planning journey, it is essential to set clear financial goals. Ask yourself questions like:

    • How much money do I need to retire comfortably?

    • What lifestyle do I envision during retirement?

    • Are there any specific milestones or aspirations I want to achieve?

    By answering these questions, you can determine the amount of money you need to save and invest to achieve your retirement goals.

  2. Assessing Your Current Financial Situation

    Before devising a retirement plan, it is crucial to evaluate your current financial situation. Take stock of your assets, liabilities, income, and expenses. This assessment will help you understand your financial standing and identify areas that require attention. Consider factors such as:

    • Income: Evaluate your current income sources, including salary, investments, and any other sources of revenue.

    • Expenses: Analyze your monthly expenses to identify areas where you can reduce spending and increase savings.

    • Debts: Determine the outstanding debts and create a plan to pay them off systematically.

  3. Calculate Your Current Assets

    Take stock of your current assets, including savings, investments, pensions, and any other sources of income. Knowing your existing financial resources will help you determine how much more you need to save for a comfortable retirement. 

  4. Determine Your Risk Tolerance

    Understanding your risk tolerance is crucial when deciding on investment options. Assess your willingness to take risks and choose investment avenues accordingly. Conservative investors may opt for fixed deposits or bonds, while those comfortable with risk may explore equities or mutual funds.

    People Also Read: Sip Investment in India

  5. Explore Retirement Plans and Schemes

    India offers various retirement plans and schemes designed to provide individuals with a steady income during their retirement years. Research and explore options such as Pension Plans, Annuity Plans offered by insurance companies, National Pension System (NPS), Employee Provident Fund (EPF), Public Provident Fund (PPF).

  6. Seek Professional Financial Advice

    Consulting a financial advisor like Policybazaar can be immensely beneficial when planning your retirement income. A professional can help you assess your financial situation, provide personalized advice, and suggest suitable investment options based on your goals and risk tolerance.

  7. Create a Retirement Budget

    Creating a retirement budget is crucial to ensure that your expenses are in line with your income. Analyze your expected retirement income from various sources and allocate funds for essential expenses, discretionary spending, and savings.

  8. Diversify Your Investments

    Diversification is key to managing risk and maximizing returns. Spread your investments across different asset classes, like various best pension plans available in india. This diversification will help protect your retirement income from potential market fluctuations.

  9. Review and Adjust Regularly

    Retirement planning is an ongoing process. Regularly review your investments, reassess your retirement needs, and make adjustments as necessary. Stay informed about market trends and seek professional advice to ensure your retirement plan remains on track.

    People Also Read: Pros and Cons of NPS for NRIs

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What are the Best Investment Options Available for Retirement? 

To build a strong retirement fund, it is important to leverage retirement accounts and investments. Here are some popular options to consider:

  1. Pension Plans

    Pension Plans serve as valuable retirement savings products provided by financial institutions. These plans enable individuals to set aside a portion of their income during their working years. The deposited amount is then invested, gradually growing over time. After retirement, this accumulated fund becomes a reliable source of monthly income for NRIs.

    NRIs have two options when it comes to getting payouts. Lump Sum payout in which NRIs can make one-time substantial deposit into the pension account, which will later yield a steady monthly income during retirement. On the other hand, the Regular Pay Pension Plan allows NRIs to make periodic contributions over time, ensuring a consistent and predictable stream of monthly income after retirement.

    Pension plans can be classified into two types: defined benefit plans and defined contribution plans. In a defined benefit plan, the employer guarantees a specific amount of retirement income based on factors like salary and years of service. In a defined contribution plan, the individual contributes to the plan, and the accumulated amount depends on the investment performance.

  2. Annuity Plans

    Annuity plans are financial products provided by insurance companies. An individual makes a lump sum payment or a series of payments to the insurer. In return, the insurance company guarantees to provide a regular income to the individual for a specified period or for life. There are 2 types of annuity plans 

    • Regular Pay Annuity: Periodic premium payments result in steady income installments during retirement.

    • Lumpsum Annuity: A single upfront payment grows over time, providing a sizable lump sum at maturity.

    Annuity plans offer the advantage of a guaranteed income stream, regardless of the market fluctuations. They can be tailored to suit individual needs, such as providing income for a fixed period, income for life, or income with a provision for a spouse or beneficiary. Annuity plans can be purchased with retirement savings or other accumulated funds.

  3. National Pension Scheme (NPS)

    The National Pension Scheme (NPS) is a government-backed retirement savings scheme in India. 

    Under the NPS, individuals can contribute a portion of their income towards their pension account, which is managed by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). The contributions made by individuals are invested in various financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, and government securities, offering potential growth over the long term.

    Upon reaching the retirement age, subscribers can withdraw a portion of the accumulated corpus as a lump sum and utilize the remaining amount to purchase an annuity plan, which offers regular pension payments.

  4. Stocks and Bonds

    Investing in stocks and bonds can be an effective way to grow your retirement savings. Stocks represent ownership in a company, while bonds are debt securities issued by corporations or governments. It's important to diversify your investments to mitigate risks and maximize potential returns.

  5. Real Estate Investments

    Real estate investments can provide steady income and potential appreciation over time. Consider investing in rental properties or real estate investment trusts (REITs) as part of your retirement portfolio.


Retirement planning is a crucial aspect of securing your financial future. By setting clear goals, assessing your current financial situation, leveraging retirement accounts and investments, and by managing risks you can pave the way for a comfortable retirement. Remember, the key to a successful retirement plan is to start early, stay informed, and regularly review and adjust your strategy. Begin your journey towards a financially secure retirement today!


  • When should I start planning for retirement?

    It is never too early to start planning for retirement. The sooner you begin, the more time you have to accumulate savings and investments for a financially secure future.
  • How much should I save for retirement?

    The amount you should save for retirement depends on various factors, including your current income, desired lifestyle, and expected expenses. A general rule of thumb is to save at least 10-15% of your income towards retirement.
  • Can I rely solely on government pensions for retirement income?

    While government pensions can provide a basic level of income, they may not be sufficient to meet all your retirement needs. It's advisable to supplement your pension with additional investments like pension plans, annuity plans, ULIPs, SIPs.
  • Are there any tax benefits associated with retirement planning in India?

    Yes, there are tax benefits available for retirement planning in India. Contributions to schemes such as Pension Plans, National Pension System (NPS) and Employee Provident Fund (EPF) are eligible for tax deductions.
  • Is it possible to adjust my retirement plan if circumstances change?

    Absolutely. Life is unpredictable, and circumstances may change. Review your retirement plan periodically and make adjustments as needed to ensure it aligns with your current financial situation and goals.

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