The Government of India notifies pension schemes that can help salaried and self-employed individuals to get tax benefits under Section 80CCD of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Section 80CCD (1) and 80CCD (2) offer tax deductions on contributions made to the National Pension Scheme (NPS) and Atal Pension Yojana accounts.
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In this article, let us learn about these sections in detail.
Let us understand the Section 80CCD of the Income Tax Act, 1961 in the following way:
The tax benefits are available to the following categories of individuals:
Section 80CCD of the IT Act offers income tax benefits for contributions made to the Central Government notified pension plans
The tax deductions are available for investments made into the following pension schemes:
National Pension Scheme (NPS)
Atal Pension Yojana
The investments contributed by the following are allowed for tax benefits under Section 80CCD:
Section 80 CCD along with Section 80CCD (1B) allows an individual to claim a maximum tax deduction of up to Rs. 2 lakhs per financial year.
The major sub-sections of Section 80CCD are as follows:
Section 80CCD (1): Deals with income tax deductions available to individuals for investments made to the pension fund account
Section 80CCD (2): Deals with the income tax deductions on contributions made by the employer to the employee’s pension account
Let us take a detailed overview of Section 80 CCD(1) and 80 CCD(2) in the next section of this article.
The tax benefits available on contributions made to the central government pension schemes are as follows:
IT Act, 1961
|Tax Deduction Details
|Section 80CCD (1)
|Contributions made by employee/ self-employed individuals to their NPS/Atal Pension Yojana accounts
|Section 80CCD (2)
|Contributions made by the employer to the NPS/ Atal Pension Yojana accounts of their employee
|Section 80CCD (1B)
|Up to Rs. 50,000
|Investments made into tax-saving instruments
|Up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs*
|Investments made into annuity or retirement plans
|Up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs*
*The tax deduction limit of up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs includes combination of Section 80C, 80CCC, and 80CCD (1).
Section 80 CCD(1) allows taxpayers to claim tax benefits on the amount deposited in the central government pension schemes.
Let us understand the features in the list below:
Tax deductions are available to:
Salaried employees, self-employed individuals, and NRIs
For individuals above 18 years of age
Pension fund investment limits:
For Salaried Employees: Up to 10% of the basic pay and Dearness Allowance (DA) combined or up to 10% of the gross individual income
For Self-employed and NRIs: A maximum of 20% of their gross income up to a limit of Rs. 1.5 lakhs
Section 80 CCD(2) allows tax deduction benefits to the employee on the contributions made by the employer to the employee’s pension fund account.
Let us understand the features of this section in the list mentioned below:
Tax Deductions are Available for:
Salaried individuals only
Contribution amount limit:
Government employees: Up to 14% of the sum of basic pay and DA
Private-sector employees: Up to 10% of their salary (basic pay and dearness allowance)
The term “salary” for Section 80CCD (1) and 80CCD (2) is the sum of the Basic Salary and Dearness Allowance (DA). It excludes all other allowances and perquisites.
A total of Rs. 1.5 lakhs tax deductions are available under Section 80CCD (1), 80C, and 80CCC together.
The individual must invest a minimum of Rs. 6000/ year or Rs. 500/ month to avail of the tax benefits.
Invest a minimum of Rs. 2000/year or Rs. 250/month to get the tax deduction benefits.
Investments in NPS accounts are mandatory for government employees. Contributions to the NPS scheme are voluntary for other individuals.
The maturity amount received from NPS or Atal Pension Yojana funds is taxable as per the applicable tax regime under the IT Act, 1961.
The Indian government provides tax deductions under Section 80CCD (1) and 80CCD (2) to all individuals to help reduce their tax burden. These tax benefits also encourage taxpayers to save funds for their post-retirement life. Learn the benefits offered under various sections of the Income Tax Act, of 1961 to make well-informed financial planning.
*All savings are provided by the insurer as per the IRDAI approved insurance plan.
*Tax benefit is subject to changes in tax laws. Standard T&C Apply
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