An Income Tax Return (ITR) is a form that individuals and businesses in India file with the Income Tax Department to report their income and tax liability for a particular financial year. The ITR is used to calculate the taxpayer's tax due and determine whether they are eligible for a refund.
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An income tax return is proof of your paid taxes for a particular assessment year. The tax return proof contains the details of your annual earnings and the tax amount you have paid. This makes it easier for every taxpayer to calculate the tax liability, schedule tax payments, and refund requests for overpayment of tax.
To complete the income tax return process effortlessly, you should know about the various ITR (Income Tax Return) forms related to the entire process. The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) notifies about these forms every year.
To file an income tax return, the required forms are as follows:
|ITR-1||For salaried persons, house property owners, and those who earn interest, with a total income of up to INR. 50 lakh|
|ITR-2||HUFs and individuals not having an income out of proprietorship|
|ITR-3||HUFs and individuals having income from a business or profession under a proprietorship|
|ITR-4||For HUF, individuals or firms opting for a tentative taxation scheme|
|ITR-5||For LLP or Limited Liability Partnership, firms, AOP (Association of Persons), Artificial juridical person, BOI (Body of Individuals), Registered societies, Private Discretionary Trust, Local authority, and Cooperative societies. However, an individual who is eligible under ITR-7 will not utilize this form to file an income tax return|
|ITR-6||For companies who are not claiming tax exemption under section 11|
|ITR-7||Individuals and companies are required to produce income tax returns under sections 139(4E), section 139(4F), 139(4D), 139(4C), 139(4B), and 139(4A) of the Income Tax Act 1961|
Those who need to be audited must file an ITR before July 31st, 2023 as per the Income Tax Laws. There are no extensions announced for AY 2023-24 to date.
Income tax filing is a legitimate way to prove one's income. It is an important document and more elaborate than Form 16, which is proof of your salary and tax deduction by the current employer. Filing Income Tax Returns (ITR) is mandatory under various circumstances. Here's why it is important:
Individuals falling within the respective tax slabs are required to file ITR. This includes those whose income exceeds the exempted limit.
Companies or firms, irrespective of profit or loss, are mandated to file ITR every financial year.
Filing an ITR is necessary to claim a tax refund. Individuals who have excess TDS deducted or are eligible for other refunds must file their returns.
If there is a loss under a head of income that needs to be carried forward to subsequent years, filing ITR becomes imperative.
Residents with financial interests abroad or holding assets outside India must file ITR. This includes being a signing authority in a foreign account.
Individuals receiving income from trusts, charitable organizations, political parties, educational institutions, and other specified entities must file ITR.
Filing ITR is often a prerequisite when applying for loans or visas, demonstrating financial credibility.
Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) earning income from Indian sources are subject to taxation in India, necessitating the filing of income tax returns.
**With the introduction of e-filing, certain cases require electronic filing, including when a refund is required, gross total annual income exceeds Rs.5 lakh. In this case, specific ITR forms (3, 4, 5, 6, 7) must be mandatorily e-filed.
Individuals and HUF below 60 years can choose to follow the Old or New Tax Regime. However, people should give more preference to the old tax regime because it offers more deductions and exemptions, which can potentially reduce your tax liability.
|Income Slab||Applicable Tax Rate|
|₹0 - ₹2,50,000||-|
|₹2,50,001 - ₹5,00,000||5%|
|₹5,00,001 - ₹10,00,000||20%|
|₹10,00,001 - ₹15,00,000||30%|
|Annual Taxable Income||Applicable Tax Rate|
|Up to ₹3,00,000||Nil|
|₹3,00,001 to ₹6,00,000||5% (Tax rebate under section 87A)|
|₹6,00,001 to ₹9,00,000||10% (Tax rebate under section 87A up to Rs. 7,00,000)|
|₹9,00,001 to ₹12,00,000||15%|
|₹12,00,001 to ₹15,00,000||20%|
Individuals falling under the following categories are eligible to file ITR:
Those earning Rs. 5 Lakhs and above
Individual/HUF dweller with possessions positioned outside the country
A firm (falling under guidelines of section 44AB), Cooperative Society, BOI, AOP, Artificial Juridical Person, and Local Authority (ITR 5)
An assessee responsible for producing returns U/S 139 (4B) (ITR 7)
Resident of India with signing authority of any account that you are holding outside India
If you claim relief under sections 90 or 90A or the deductions were claimed as per section 91
To submit the proof, you need to prepare a comprehensive report of the audit under sections 10(23C) (via), 10(23C) (VI), 10(23C) (v), 10(23C) (IV), 10A, 12A (1) (b), 44AB, 80IA, 80IB, 80IC, 80ID, 80JJAA, 80LA, 92E or 115JB.
According to Section 11(2) (a), the return filer needs to give notice to the assessing officer.
Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) for income tax filing online. A chartered accountant is required in case you wish to file IT forms with the help of a Signature Certificate (DSC).
For online tax filing without using DSC, an ITR V form is formed. This form needs to be printed and signed. Then after completing the formalities, you need to submit it to CPC, Bangalore. You can do this through speed post or even speed post but make sure it reaches you within 120 days of filling out your form.
While income tax return filing online, there is no compulsion to file it using an E-return Intermediary (ERI), or you can do so without a digital signature certificate DSC.
Mentioned below is the list of documents that you need for the online filing of income tax returns:
Salary Pay slips
Form 16A, 16B, 16C
Tax Saving Investments Proof
Filing income tax returns is now easier with the updated Income Tax Department portal. Follow these quick steps for FY 2022-23:
Assess Tax Liability: Determine your tax liability based on Income Tax rules.
Check Form 26AS: Review TDS payments in your Form 26AS for the assessment year.
Identify Category: Determine your taxpayer category based on eligibility criteria.
Visit Official Portal: Go to the Income Tax Department's e-filing portal.
Register/Login: Register if new; login if you have an account.
Access 'File Income Tax Return': Click on 'File Income Tax Return' under the 'e-file' tab.
Choose Category: Select your taxpayer category (individual, HUF, etc.).
Select Appropriate ITR Form: Choose the relevant ITR Form for your financial situation.
Enter Bank Details: Provide or pre-validate your bank account details.
Review and Confirm: Check and validate pre-filled details on a new web page.
Verify and Submit: After validation, verify returns and send a hard copy to the Income Tax Department.
Filing your Income Tax Return (ITR) offline can be a convenient option for those who prefer a manual approach to ensure accuracy in their financial data. Here's how you can navigate through the process:
Visit the Portal: Go to the Income Tax e-Filing portal.
Download ITR Utility: From 'Downloads > IT Return Preparation Software,' download the relevant ITR utility.
Open Utility: Extract the ZIP file and open the utility from the folder.
Enter Information: Fill in all required details in the ITR form.
Review Form: Double-check all tabs for accuracy.
Generate XML: Save the filled ITR form as an XML file.
Log In: Enter your PAN, password, and captcha to log into the e-Filing portal.
Select ITR: Under 'e-File,' choose 'Income Tax Return.'
Provide Details: PAN will be auto-filled; select Assessment Year and ITR Form.
Filing Type: Choose 'Original/Revised Return.'
Submission Mode: Select 'Upload XML.'
Verification: Choose the verification option and submit.
Confirmation: Receive a confirmation message upon successful submission.
Filing your Income Tax Return (ITR) without Form 16 is manageable with these brief steps:
Assess Income Sources: Determine total income from salary, rent, capital gains, and interest.
Check Form 26AS: Download and review Form 26AS from TRACES to calculate Tax Deducted at Source (TDS).
Calculate TDS and HRA: Compute TDS and, if applicable, claim House Rent Allowance (HRA) deductions.
Determine Total Income: Calculate overall income, considering all earnings and TDS deductions.
Claim Eligible Deductions: Include eligible deductions on investments and payments in your taxable income calculation.
Calculate Taxable Income: Deduct total eligible deductions from your income to find your taxable income.
Compute Tax Liability: Apply relevant tax slab rates to determine your tax liability for the year.
Determine Tax Payable or Refund: Pay the difference if TDS is less than the tax liability. If TDS exceeds, anticipate a refund.
File Your IT Returns: Armed with these calculations, proceed confidently to file your Income Tax Returns.
Choosing the right form to file an income tax return online can be confusing. You must select your Tax Return forms according to the categories you fall in. These categories are listed in the tabular form below:
Before initiating the online income tax return filing, look at Form 26AS. This form shows the total tax that gets deducted from your income, and your employer deposits this to the IT department.
Make sure that the tax deducted depends on Form 16. This also has to match with the facts in Form 26AS. In case you fail to file your income tax returns online without any errors, the IT department sends you a notice.
Extra deductions can be claimed in case you have not claimed them. Deductions can also be claimed under section 80G if you have donated to charitable institutions.
A deduction of about Rs 10,000 is permissible with the best interest earned on your savings accounts. On the other hand, the interest levied on bank deposits is a division of the taxable income.
Including the elements mentioned above, make sure that you keep the following documents handy:
Bank Account statements
Certificates for Tax Deducted at Source (TDS)
Profit and Loss Account Statements, Audit Reports, Balance Sheet
An income tax return should be filed in a timely manner to avoid a late fee penalty. It should be filed by every individual whose total income exceeds the basic exemption limit. In addition, it is the duty of every individual to pay income tax, as it is the primary source of income for the Government to generate revenue.
It is important to file the income tax return at a stipulated time to avoid any penalties an assessee might be liable to pay.
An individual should avoid getting notices from the taxation department since it may harm his goodwill if it gets public.
An individual, by filing ITR, may claim a refund such as TDS.
*All savings are provided by the insurer as per the IRDAI approved insurance plan.
*Tax benefit is subject to changes in tax laws. Standard T&C Apply
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