Section 80EE

Section 80EE of the Income Tax Act provides an additional deduction of up to Rs. 50,000 on payment of interest on a home loan by first-time homebuyers. This deduction is available over and above the deductions under Section 24 of the Income Tax Act. Finance Act 2013 introduced Section 80EE to promote home ownership among first-time homebuyers and encourage them to take housing loans. Let us understand this section and its features in detail in this article.

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What is Section 80EE of the Income Tax Act?

Section 80EE is a tax benefit provided under the Income Tax Act, which allows deductions of up to Rs. 50,000 annually on the interest paid to buy your first home.

The Section was introduced earlier for FY 2013-14 and FY 2014-2015 with overall deductions of up to Rs. 1 lakh. 

In FY 2016-17, Section 80EE was reintroduced with the following modifications:

  • Rs. 50,000 annual tax deductions

  • Until the loan is repaid completely

Budget 2023 on Section 80EE: 

In calculating capital gains from the sale of a residential property, the cost of property acquisition by the owner should not include the interest on home loan. It is the amount claimed as deductions during the overall property-holding period.

Features of Section 80EE

Here are the key features of Section 80EE of the Income Tax Act of 1961:

Features Details
Eligibility Only first-time homebuyers
Exclusions HUF/ Company/ Factory building
Property Ownership
  • On the date of loan sanctioning, the taxpayer should not own any other house property except on which the home loan is taken
  • The taxpayer should own the residential house property on which the loan is taken
Employment Status Available to both salaried and self-employed individuals
Maximum Deduction Rs. 50,000
Loan Amount Loan amount should not exceed Rs. 35 lakh
Additional Deduction Deduction u/ Section 80EE is in addition to the deduction of Rs. 2 lakhs available under Section 24 of the IT Act
Loan Amount Deduction only on loans taken to buy a residential house property
Property Value Value of the property should not exceed Rs. 50 lakh
Loan Issuing Authority
  • Financial Institutions
  • Housing Finance Company
Tax Claim for Joint House Ownership If both owners pay joint ownership of the house and loan instalments: Both the joint owners can claim a deduction under Section 80EE

Tax Benefits under Section 80EE, Section 80C, and Section 24

Listed below are the tax benefits available u/ Sec 80EE, Sec 80C, Sec 24 of the Income Tax Act:

Section 80EE Section 80C Section 24
  • Deduction of up to Rs. 50,000
  • On the payment of home loan interest by first-time homebuyers
  • It is additional to the deductions of up to Rs. 2 lakhs u/ Sec 24
  • Therefore, the deduction limit u/ Sec 24 should be exhausted first before claiming benefits under Section 80EE
  • Deduction of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh
  • On investments made in specific tax-saving Instruments
  • Such as Public Provident Fund (PPF), Equity Linked Saving Schemes (ELSS), National Savings Certificate (NSC)
  • Also Available On Life insurance premiums, child’s tuition fees, and principal repayment of home loan
  • Deduction of up to Rs. 2 lakhs
  • On payment of interest on home loan taken to buy, construct, or renovate a residential house property
  • Deduction limit only for self-occupied property
  • No deduction limit on residential rental property

Deductions under Section 80EE, Section 80C, and Section 24

Particulars Deductions Available On Tax Deductions (in Rs.)
Self-Occupied  Residential Property Rental Residential Property
Section 24 Interest on Home Loan Rs. 2 Lakhs No Limit
Section 80C Principal Home Loan Amount Rs. 1.5 Lakhs Rs. 1.5 Lakhs
Section 80EE Interest on Home Loan Rs. 50,000 Rs. 50,000

Section 80EEA 

Section 80EEA is a provision in the Income Tax Act that provides an additional deduction of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh for paid interest on home loans taken to buy first home.

Features of Section 80EEA:

  • The section was introduced in the Union Budget 2019-20 to boost the affordable housing sector.

  • This will encourage first-time homebuyers to purchase their first house.

  • The taxpayer should not be eligible for deductions u/ Section 80EE.

  • The deduction is available for loans sanctioned between 1st April 2019 and 31st March 2022.

  • The value of the property should not exceed Rs. 45 lakh.

  • The tax deduction claims should be made only for buying your first home.

Invest & Save upto ₹46,800 per annum in taxInvest & Save upto ₹46,800 per annum in tax

In Brief

Section 80EE of the Income Tax Act is a provision that aims to incentivize first-time homebuyers to invest in their dream homes by providing a tax benefit. This section is a well-intentioned provision that supports new homebuyers while contributing to economic growth.

FAQ's

  • Who is eligible for section 80EE?

    The eligibility criteria for claiming housing loan interest deduction are:
    • Only individuals are eligible

    • HUFs (Hindu Undivided Families) and other entities are not eligible

    • First-time home buyers can only claim deduction

    • Loan amount should not exceed Rs. 35 lakhs

    • Value of the property purchased should not exceed Rs. 50 lakhs

  • How can I claim both sections 80EE and 24?

    Criteria to claim tax deductions under both Section 80EE and Section 24 of the Income Tax Act:
    • Section 24 provides a deduction of up to Rs. 2 lakhs for the payment of interest on a home loan

    • Section 80EE provides an additional deduction of up to Rs. 50,000 for first-time homebuyers

    • Deduction u/ Section 80EE is over and above the deduction available u/ Sec 24

    • To claim the deduction under section 80EE, you must first exhaust the deduction available u/ Section 24

  • What is Sec 80EE or 80EEA?

    Section 80EE and section 80EEA of the Income Tax Act 1961, relate to the deduction of interest paid on a home loan.
    • Section 80EE: Provides an additional deduction of up to Rs. 50,000 for first-time homebuyers who have not claimed any deduction for home loan interest paid in any previous year.

    • Section 80EEA: Provides a deduction of up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs for interest payment on home loan taken to purchase an affordable housing property.

  • What is the difference between 24B and 80EE?

    Section 24(B) and section 80EE of the Income Tax Act 1961 are related to deducting paid interest on home loans.

    However, there are some key differences between the two; they are:

    Particulars Section 24(b) Section 80EE
    Applicability Applicable to all taxpayers who have taken a home loan Applicable only to first-time homebuyers
    Maximum Amount of Deduction Up to Rs. 2 lakhs for the interest payment on home loan additional deduction of up to Rs. 50,000 for the interest paid on a home loan
    Eligibility criteria No specific eligibility criteria other than the fact that the loan should have been taken for the purchase or construction of a property Taxpayer must be a first-time homebuyer who has not claimed any deduction for home loan interest payment in any previous year

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