Mucormycosis or Black Fungus: Things You Should Know

The surge in mucormycosis cases remains a fearful memory of the pandemic. Also known as the Black Fungus, this disease was rampant among coronavirus survivors who had barely recovered. But what is mucormycosis? This blog will answer all your questions related to this disease.

Read More

Policybazaar exclusive benefits
  • 30 minutes claim support*(In 120+ cities)
  • Relationship manager For every customer
  • 24*7 claims assistance In 30 mins. guaranteed*
  • Instant policy issuance No medical tests*

*All savings are provided by the insurer as per the IRDAI approved insurance plan. Standard T&C Apply

*Tax benefit is subject to changes in tax laws. Standard T&C Apply

Find affordable plans with up to 25% Discount**
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4

Who would you like to insure?

  • Previous step
    By clicking on “Continue”, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms of use
    Previous step

      Popular Cities

      Previous step
      Previous step

      Do you have an existing illness or medical history?

      This helps us find plans that cover your condition and avoid claim rejection

      Get updates on WhatsApp

      Previous step

      When did you recover from Covid-19?

      Some plans are available only after a certain time

      Previous step
      Advantages of
      entering a valid number
      You save time, money and effort,
      Our experts will help you choose the right plan in less than 20 minutes & save you upto 80% on your premium

      What is Mucormycosis?

      Mucormycosis is a very rare fungal infection that can cause serious damage to those with health disorders. It usually affects people who have compromised immunity because of serious health issues or ongoing treatments that reduce their body's resistance to germs and illness.

      If untreated or ignored, it can be fatal or cause you serious trouble. The fungus can spread across your body once it's developed in one body part, often leading to infections, paralysis or in worst-case scenarios, death.

      What is the Cause of Mucormycosis?

      Earlier called zygomycosis, it is caused by mucormycetes, a group of fungi. This mucor mould is usually found in plants, soil, manure etc. and usually affects a person's sinuses, lungs and brain.

      To most people, these fungi are harmless and are even present in a healthy person's mucous. These fungi are always present in the environment, usually in soil or in decaying organic matter like compost, dung or leaves.

      Mucormycetes can be inhaled through sinuses and lungs or enter the body through an open wound or cut. Mucormycosis is non-contagious and can’t spread from one person to another.

      What are the Symptoms of Mucormycosis?

      The symptoms of Black Fungus will change depending on the body part that has been infected. These have been briefly categorised below:

      Symptoms of Sinus and Brain or Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis

      • Headache
      • Fever
      • Congestion in sinuses or nasal passage
      • Facial swelling on one side
      • Stuffy or Bleeding nose
      • Drooping of eyelids or swelling in the eye
      • Black lesions on the nasal bridge or inside the upper part of the mouth

      Symptoms of Lung or Pulmonary Mucormycosis

      • Pain in chest
      • Fever
      • Cough
      • Shortness of breath

      Symptoms of Skin or Cutaneous Mucormycosis

      • Looks like blisters or ulcers on the skin
      • Swelling around the wound
      • Excessive redness on the skin
      • Pain or warmth in the affected area
      • Infected area may turn black

      Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Mucormycosis

      • Pain in abdomen
      • Nausea or vomiting
      • Bleeding in the gastrointestinal region

      In many cases such as the recent COVID-19 recovered patients, disseminated mucormycosis was observed. This type of mucormycosis usually occurs when a person is already sick because of another condition. In such cases, it is hard to trace the symptoms caused by the fungi.

      How is Mucormycosis Diagnosed?

      Symptoms of black fungus are often not visible at first. It is usually diagnosed once you visit your doctor for some sinus, skin or lung infection. If you suspect an infection, immediately consult your doctor.

      Diagnosis of Mucormycosis is done by inspecting a tissue sample. In case of a sinus infection, your phlegm or nasal discharge may be used. For skin mucormycosis, your wound or the infected area will be inspected.

      Imaging tests like MRI or CT scans may be required to check if the fungus has spread to your brain or another organ.

      What is the Treatment for Mucormycosis?

      Treatments for mucormycosis include prescribed antifungal medicines that stop the growth of the fungus and help destroy it. The infection is brought to control through these pills or IV (in case of severe situations).

      In case the fungus has spread, surgery may be required to remove the infected or dead tissues from parts around your nose or eyes. This was a common course of action in several black fungus patients in India, where often an eye had to be removed to save their lives.

      Because of its severity, it is covered by several health insurance plans in India. Make sure to protect yourself and your loved ones under a comprehensive health insurance plan so that you don’t have to compromise with the treatment.

      Mucormycosis in COVID Patients

      People with diabetes, kidney issues and other health complications are at the greatest risk of black fungus.

      Several fungal infections including mucormycosis were reported in severely affected COVID-19 patients very soon after the second wave. India saw large numbers of such cases due to its high population of diabetics who had recently recovered from the coronavirus.

      According to the WHO report, the black fungus was observed in those with pre-existing diseases or people who were on corticosteroids or other immunomodulating drugs.

      In a Nutshell,

      With an overall mortality rate of 50%, mucormycosis is a truly horrifying and serious condition if it takes a grip on a person with comorbidities. Keeping this in mind, make sure to take care of your health and take preventative measures to safeguard against this infection, including providing yourself with the safety of a health insurance plan which covers such risks.

      Disclaimer: Policybazaar does not endorse, rate or recommend any particular insurer or insurance product offered by an insurer.

      Health insurance articles

      Recent Articles
      Popular Articles
      Surgeries Covered by HDFC ERGO General Health Insurance Plans

      03 Apr 2024

      HDFC ERGO General Insurance Company provides a variety of
      Read more
      Surgeries Covered by Digit Health Insurance Plans

      28 Mar 2024

      Go Digit General Insurance Limited offers a wide range of
      Read more
      Surgeries Covered by Royal Sundaram Health Insurance Plans

      27 Mar 2024

      Royal Sundaram General Insurance Company offers a spectrum of
      Read more
      Surgeries Covered by United India Health Insurance Plans

      22 Mar 2024

      With the increasing costs of healthcare in India, the financial
      Read more
      Surgeries Covered by Bajaj Allianz Health Insurance Plans

      22 Mar 2024

      In an age where medical expenses are on the rise, securing
      Read more
      Best Health Insurance Plans for Senior Citizens
      Senior citizens are the most prone to diseases. Considering the medical inflation in India, buying health insurance
      Read more
      How to Apply for Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY)?
      Ayushman Bharat Yojana is a flagship health insurance scheme launched by the Government of India to offer universal
      Read more
      Does Health Insurance Provide Coverage for LASIK Eye Surgery?
      A vast majority of the Indian population is suffering from vision problems. For some of them, LASIK eye surgery is
      Read more
      Zero Waiting Period in Health Insurance Plans
      Every medical insurance plan comes with a few terms & conditions, and the waiting period is one of them. A
      Read more
      10 Major Benefits of Ayushman Bharat Yojana
      Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY) is the second component under Ayushman Bharat Scheme. PM Narendra Modi
      Read more

      Download the Policybazaar app
      to manage all your insurance needs.