The top causes of death in India and globally in order of a total number of lives lost can be segmented into three broad sections - Cardiovascular illnesses (stroke, heart attacks), Respiratory Infections (lower respiratory infections & chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases), and Neonatal Conditions, neonatal sepsis and infections, and also preterm birth-related complications.
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The causes of death from these diseases can be put together into three categories: communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases, and injuries.
While Heart diseases remain the number 1 killer; dementia and diabetes enter the top 10.
According to the WHO’s 2019 Global Health reports, non-communicable diseases now account for 7 of the world’s top 10 diseases.
As of today, COVID-19 (highly communicable disease) has tragically claimed millions of lives in India and worldwide and shows no signs of ebbing yet. Those who have pre-existing medical conditions like diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory conditions continue to face more complications and fatal consequences due to SARS CoV-2.
A sign of relief is that nowadays health insurance plans cover most of these diseases for their treatment. But as they say ‘Prevention is always better than Cure’. Let’s find out what adds to this list and how you can take precautions.
From heart ailments to COVID-19 you can check out some of these deadliest diseases that remain a cause of concern in 2022-
Cardiovascular diseases are a range of conditions that affect your heart. They are one of the leading causes of death in India. Check out the symptoms, causes, and preventive measures as below-
Respiratory infections such as asthma, acute bronchitis, tuberculosis, etc. remain the biggest cause of concern and a leading cause of death in India.
One in six people have diabetes in India, which is the second highest in the world. Type-1 diabetes is a condition where enough insulin is not produced by the Pancreas. Whereas, Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which insulin is not used effectively. Diabetes can lead to critical illnesses like kidney failure, black fungus in COVID-19 patients, blindness, etc.
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Malignant tumors are cancerous and develop when cells grow without any control. It can grow to other parts of the body and spread as well making it life-threatening. The tumors are generally detected via MRIs and CT Scans.
In the early stages, malignant tumors may not show any symptoms. The first symptom is usually a painless lump.
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Alzheimer’s disease is a brain condition in which the death of the brain cells causes memory loss. Nearly 60-80% of dementia is Alzheimer’s. As the disease progresses it results in the following symptoms-
Diarrhea is caused due to upset stomach or liver functioning that can lead to loss or watery stools. It can lead to dehydration and also reduces the water and salt levels of the body, thus making it weak. The condition should be controlled within 3-5 days. Mentioned below are the symptoms, causes, and how preventive measures from this disease.
COVID-19 (SARS CoV-2) is a new coronavirus infection that affects people of different age groups in different ways. The disease spreads with the transmission of respiratory droplets when an infected person breathes, coughs, talks or sneezes. If inhaled the other persona can catch the infection. Check out the symptoms of COVID-19, its causes, and preventive measures that you can take.
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The reason why world-renowned organizations like WHO and CDC and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India (MoHFW) keep data of these diseases is to improve the longevity of the people. It helps in measuring the quality of healthcare and where the health systems need more medical innovations, and resources the same can be provided in the affected regions.
For example, the mortality rate in a State or a country can help divert focus towards activities and resources such as transportation, medical infrastructure, food and agriculture, and also the environment.
Like COVID-19 has put more emphasis on building medical infrastructure and even social interactions. While the pandemic continues to stay and vaccinations being rolled out, we still need to follow all the precautions and also take care of ourselves and our loved ones to keep other deadliest diseases at bay.
Fatalities from certain diseases have increased, while some have reduced in their severity. Most of the diseases in the above list are treatable and preventable. With the advancement in the field of medical science, treatment for all of them is available in India. In the time to come, we may witness a reduction in death rates from these diseases.
If you follow a good approach and healthy lifestyle you can lower these risks and adapt to a healthy lifestyle and routine exercise. By making small changes in your daily habits like eating right, limiting smoking and drinking you can reduce your vulnerability. For viral infections and bacterial diseases, proper hand hygiene is quite useful in reducing the risk.
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