All You Must Know About Your Car’s PUC Certificate

The rise in pollution levels across the globe has prompted many countries to fix emission levels coming out of motor vehicles of their citizens. The pollution emission levels are fixed for all types of motor vehicles. In India, all types of vehicles are required to go through emission tests to ensure they adhere to the emission norms laid down by the authorities.

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Imagine this scenario- You invested your time in narrowing down a car you want to buy and you selected one; it is within your set budget and features almost everything you desire. You go to the particular car showroom, select one of the finance options and come out with the car you were eying on. 

If it is your second time buying a car, you’re probably well versed with the legal mandatory requirements of owning a car. However, if it is your first time, you might be interested in getting yourself acquainted with these legal requirements to avoid getting fined by the authorities. Most vehicle owners know how important it is to have a driving license and registration certificate (RC) but they tend to overlook owning third party insurance or the need to have a comprehensive car insurance policy, and most importantly a PUC certificate.

Third party insurance is a mandatory insurance coverage that the vehicle owner has to have as per the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. PUC Certification on the other hand is also a legal requirement, mandated by the Central Motor Vehicle Rule, 1989. 

Now, let us briefly understand about car’s PUC certificate and how it can benefit you.

What is PUC?

Pollution Under Control, PUC, is a certificate that is provided to the vehicle owner stating the vehicle has passed a PUC test and thus, meets the pollution control standards as mandated by the Central Motor Vehicles Act, 1989. This certificate vets that your vehicle’s emissions are in alignment with the standard pollution norms and hence, not harmful to the environment. As per the law, it is mandatory for all types of vehicles plying on the Indian roads to have an updated PUC certificate.

The pollution certificate has details about your car such as your vehicle registration number, date of the emission test, the serial number of the PUC, the test reading, and the validity date of the emission test. The validity of the PUC is for 6 months and after which a new certificate would be required.

How Does PUC Help the Car Owners? 

If during the test, your vehicle is emitting more than the acceptable norms, the PUC certificate will not be issued and it will cause you to face the following problems:

  • In case, your car is emitting pollution above the accepted levels and you are not getting it repaired to save on cost then your insurer will not be able to renew your car insurance policy. It is because the renewal of the policy depends on the updated PUC certificate.
  • As per the new notification by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, if the enforcement officer has a reason to believe the car in question emissions’ level is more than the accepted emission standards, they may direct the vehicle owner to submit the car for conducting the test. Failure to do so will attract a penalty. In case the vehicle owner fails to comply with this, the concerned authority can suspend the certificate of registration of the vehicle until the vehicle owner submits a valid updated PUC.
  • The car owner will be penalized for not carrying a third party insurance policy and PUC certificate. If it is your first-time offence of not carrying a PUC certificate, you will be charged with ₹1000 and on repetition, the amount can go up to ₹2000.

How to Get a PUC Certificate?

PUC is an authorized certificate only granted to vehicles that pass the PUC test. You can get your car tested at any (authorized to test) petrol pumps who with the help of specific testing devices will scan the ejection pipe to check for the emission rate. After conducting the test, they will issue a certificate if passed, against a nominal fee. To know the PUC centers, visit the PUC certificate tab of the Parivahan official website. On the website, you will get the RTO-approved center list along with their addresses.

PUC Test Percentage Criteria

PUC test checks the percentage of emission of CO and other Hydrocarbons in ppm. Your car would be considered eligible for the certificate as per the following criteria:

Year of Manufacturing

Percentage of CO

Hydrocarbon (in PPM)

4 wheelers manufactured as per the Pre Bharat Stage II ( subsequent Norms)



4 wheelers manufactured as per the Pre Bharat Stage II Norms



Apart from making you a law-abiding citizen, having a PUC certificate have certain benefits to vehicle owners as well. When you test your car every 6 months, not only you will become aware of the pollution levels of your vehicle but also get to know if it needs servicing before it becomes a larger problem. Another reason would be; it is an essential prerequisite for renewing your car insurance policy.

The Final Word

Having a PUC certificate ensures that your car is emitting pollution which is under acceptable norms. Therefore, it is imperative you carry the PUC for your car at all times as failure to produce one could result in a fine by the concerned authorities. 

Also, it is advisable before buying the best car insurance policy, compare the benefits of each plan online to make an informed decision. And lastly, having a PUC shows you are conscious about the environment because vehicle emissions contribute heavily to air pollution. 

Written By: PolicyBazaar - Updated: 01 September 2021
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