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*Price shown is for a 30 day trip to Thailand with 1 lakh dollar coverage for an adult of age 25 years

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ECR & Non-ECR Passport

Travelling outside India requires a lot of paperwork and formalities. Your passport is one of the primary documents that must be in order before you can consider work or leisure-related travel abroad. Your passport is your only proof of identity and nationality in another country. However, not all passports are the same. There are various types of Indian passports. In this article, let's understand the differences between ECR and non-ECR passports.

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What is ECR in Indian Passport?

Emigration Clearance or ECR is necessary for all Indians who have not passed their 10th standard. ECR in a passport means ‘Emigration Check Required' and is printed only on passports where the applicant falls in the ECR category.


Many Indians travel abroad for employment opportunities. However, many countries have security measures and regulations with specific requirements. Most countries require clarity on your emigration status, so your Indian passport is issued accordingly.

The ECR passport aids immigration officers in identifying these applicants and fast-tracking their emigration check. It is also helpful in protecting these people from workplace exploitation abroad. One distinguishing feature of these passports is that they don't have an address page.

Eligibility for ECR Passport

As per the 1983 Indian Emigration Act, emigration clearance is mandatory for Indians travelling to certain countries. This is to protect their interests, as a lot of these employees don't have sufficient formal education.

Indian passport applicants who don't have any documents or certificates to prove they have passed class 10th or those who have not passed class 10th are issued ECR passports. Children aged below 15 years are also issued ECR passports by default.

What is Non-ECR in Indian Passport?

Non-ECR means there is no need for an emigration check in the applicant's passport. Earlier, it was referred to as ECNR or Emigration Check Not Required, but this practice has been discontinued. For people falling in the non-ECR category, there is no stamp or mention on their passport. These people can easily travel abroad without getting an emigration check.

ECNR is a default status for people who don't need to travel with an emigration check. This does not include children under 15 years of age or Indians who have not passed their boards.

Eligibility for Non-ECR Passport

Indians who have passed standard 10th or have the necessary academic qualifications to travel abroad for business or travel purposes are automatically issued ECNR or non-ECR passports. They don't need an emigration clearance to travel across different countries.

However, their entry requirements may differ with the countries they plan to visit. Each country has its own entry protocol, such as visa requirements, proof of sufficient funds, coverage of a travel health insurance plan and more.

Almost every country in the world accepts the non-ECR Indian passport. This passport allows you to travel freely for studies, work, tourism, or other purposes.

You May Like to Read: Types of Indian Passports

Documents Required for an ECR Passport

All passport applicants falling under the ECR category must provide the following documents:

  • Proof of address
  • Emergency contact, if applicable
  • Annexures as required
  • Any certificates of educational qualifications available (for any additional proof)

Countries Requiring ECR in Indian Passport

ECR stamp is an essential requirement in several countries. This is necessary to ensure the safety of emigrants who frequent these countries for work. Under the POE (Protector of Emigrants), the following countries require emigration clearance:

Libya United Arab Emirates (UAE) Bahrain Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Lebanon Syria Iraq Oman
Yemen Afghanistan Indonesia Sudan
Qatar Kuwait Jordan Malaysia


Any Indian wishing to work in these countries must undertake the emigration process before migrating there. They must have a valid ECR passport and visa for hassle-free entry at the immigration counter.

Over to You,

First-time passport applicants must read all the requirements and information before beginning the procedure. It is important to know the difference between ECR and non-ECR categories as your passport application requires confirmation before proceeding to the next stage of passport application.

Once you have completed the application process and received your passport, you can start planning your upcoming trip abroad. Don't forget to buy a suitable travel insurance policy for your trip, which will protect you abroad from many financial emergencies, including loss or theft of your passport!

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*Price shown is for a 30 day trip to Thailand with 1 lakh dollar coverage for an adult of age 25 years

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