Transferring Car Insurance from One Person to Another
An integral part of selling a car, for both the buyer and the seller, is ensuring a successful car insurance transfer to the new owner. But sadly, most people have no clarity about how to transfer the ongoing car insurance policy. Read further to know about how to transfer car insurance to the new owner of the vehicle.Read more
Why Do You Need to Transfer Car Insurance?
As you are already aware, four-wheeler insurance is purchased to financially secure a car from unforeseen risks like a road accident. If you no longer own the car, there is no point in keeping the motor insurance policy with you.
Thus, when you sell your car, you must ensure that the vehicle’s new owner gets your four-wheeler insurance policy transferred to his/ her name. If you are the one buying a second-hand car, make sure to get the ongoing motor insurance policy transferred to your name.
Besides, there are two reasons why you should transfer your car policy:
1. To Avoid Any Future Liabilities
If you have purchased a second-hand car, it is important to get the existing insurance policy for the car transferred to your name to avoid any future liabilities. In case you have an accident with your second-hand car resulting in third party liabilities, you won’t be able to file a third-party claim as you did not get the policy transferred to your name. As a result, you will have to pay off your third party liabilities on your own.
Similarly, if you sell your car to someone, you must transfer the existing vehicle insurance policy from your name to the new owner of the car. If you don’t, you may be held liable to pay for the third party accidental liabilities caused by the car’s new owner as you are still the policyholder of the sold car’s policy.
2. To Retain Your No Claim Bonus
For every claim-free policy year, you earn a No Claim Bonus that helps you to earn a discount on your car insurance renewal premium. When you sell off your car, you need to get the earned NCB transferred so that a premium discount can be availed on the renewal of the new car’s insurance policy. To do so, you need to obtain the NCB certificate from your motor insurance company after informing them about the sale of the car. The NCB certificate cannot be obtained unless you transfer the ongoing motor insurance policy to the new owner of the car.
How to Transfer Car Insurance from One Person to Another In India?
The four-wheeler insurance transfer process works in sync with the transfer of ownership. Once the car is bought by the new owner, the policy of the previous owner does not remain valid. This is because the name and address on both the registration certificate and insurance documents have to match according to the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) to raise a claim. The same name is not possible if the insured car has been sold to another person.
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Besides, a transfer of car insurance is required because, in case of an emergency, it comes handy for the new owner to recover the cost of damages. In addition, failure to insure one’s vehicle can result in denial of a claim.
To transfer the existing car insurance from one person to another, you need to raise a transfer request with the motor insurance provider. Along with a transfer fee, the following documents are required to be submitted for car insurance transfer:
- The new copy of the registration certificate/form 29
- Old car policy documents
- No Objection Clause (NOC) from the previous policyholder
- New application form
- Inspection Report (to be carried out by the insurance company)
- No Claims Bonus difference amount
No Claims Bonus in Transfer of Car Insurance
In the process of selling a car, the previous owner signs over the registration and insurance details to the seller. However, there is an important exception to the car insurance transfer process i.e. the No Claims Bonus (NCB).
The No Claims Bonus is a ‘reward’ from insurance providers to safe drivers for not making any claims during their policy year. The NCB percentage can be used to reduce your renewal premiums. In fact, the greater the number of years, the more is the benefit/discount accumulated.
If an insurance policy is transferred to a new car, The NCB can be retained by producing an NCB retention letter to their new insurer. The letter makes the previous policyholder eligible for an NCB discount on the insurance premiums of the new car.
Can No Claim Bonus Be Transferred to the New Car Owner?
No, no claim bonus cannot be transferred to the new owner of the insured car. While buying or selling a car, this is important to remember. While car insurance can be transferred to the new owner, the NCB can never be transferred to any other party.
For instance, if a car owner wants to sell his/her car after the fourth policy year and had never filed a claim during the policy period, then he/she is entitled to a 45 percent NCB discount. Suppose he/she becomes the owner of a new car for which the policy premium is Rs. 25,000 and the own damage component is Rs. 20,000.
If he/she applies the NCB discount to this amount, the premium on the damage component would be reduced by 45 percent which works out to Rs. 11,000. Therefore, the total payable premium would be Rs. 16,000 instead of the full Rs. 25,000.
Documents Required for NCB Retention Letter
The insurer will ask for the following documents to issue an NCB retention letter:
- Request letter for policy cancellation
- Original policy copy and certificate of insurance (also called Form 51)
- Form 29 (notice of transfer of ownership of a motor vehicle)
- Form 30 (application for intimation and transfer of ownership of a motor vehicle)
- Photocopy of registration certificate book with the name of the new owner
- Proof of delivery of the car to the new owner
What Happens if the Car Insurance Transfer Remains Incomplete?
Two things can happen if a car insurance transfer is not completed:
- Firstly, if you do not transfer the existing motor insurance policy on your second-hand car to your name, you will be unable to make any insurance claims. This means you will be unable to make a claim irrespective of whether your car suffers damages or you incur any third-party liabilities.
- Secondly, if you do not transfer the motor insurance to the new owner of the car, then the Motor Accidents Claims Tribunal may order you to pay for accidental third party liabilities for the damages caused by the car driven by the new owner.
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Who is Responsible for Transfer of Car Insurance Policy?
As per Section 157 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, the person who sells the car is responsible for ensuring the transfer of the existing four-wheeler insurance policy to the new owner of the car. The transfer should be carried out within 14 days of the sale of the car. For the first 14 days of the purchase, the third-party cover on the car is automatically transferred and remains active.
However, the own damage cover will become active only after the transfer of the policy from the previous owner to the car’s new owner. If the transfer is not made within 14 days of the car’s sale, the third-party cover will cease to exist from the 15th day.
In a Nutshell
Investing in a new asset requires thorough and meticulous planning. To a buyer, a used car still represents a new investment. So it is only right that the process includes a proper transfer of rights, ownership, and insurance to the new car owner. Therefore, make sure to transfer the existing car insurance policy to the new owner of the vehicle to avoid falling into any legal trouble.
FAQs About Car Insurance Policy
Ans: The third party car insurance can be transferred from the previous owner to the new owner of the vehicle. Although third party cover is automatically transferred for the first 14 days of the purchase, the cover has to be transferred to the new cover to ensure coverage from the 15th day.
Ans: You should write the car insurance transfer letter by addressing the manager of your motor insurance company and request him/ her to transfer the policy. Alternatively, you can also download the application for car insurance policy transfer from the website of your insurer.
Ans: No. You cannot transfer your NCB to the new owner of the car as NCB is granted to the policyholder for not raising any claims and not to the car.
Ans: No. You cannot transfer the RC or registration certificate of your car to someone else’s name without a vehicle insurance policy. This is because four-wheeler insurance is one of the documents to be submitted to the RTO to get your four wheeler’s RC transferred.
Ans: Usually, it takes about 20 to 60 days to get the RC of a car transferred depending on different situations. The time frame varies if the new owner of the car also falls under the jurisdiction of the same RTO or if his/ her RTO is in a different state. Similarly, the time frame is different in case the previous owner has died and the policy has to be transferred to the name of his/ her legal heir.
Ans: The car ownership transfer fee varies from one state to another. For example, the fee for transferring the RC in Delhi is between Rs. 300 to Rs. 500.
Ans: No. You cannot transfer the ownership of your car online. You will have to physically visit your RTO and submit all the required documents to get the ownership of your car transferred to someone else’s name.
Ans: Yes. You can get a NOC or No Objection Certificate from your RTO online by downloading Form 28. The form acts as an application to issue the NOC and should be submitted to your RTO along with other required documents. After your police verification and clearance of Audit Para, your RTO will issue you a NOC.
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